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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Kaps, M; Grittner, U; Jungehülsing, G; Tatlisumak, T; Kessler, C; Schmidt, R; Jukka, P; Norrving, B; Rolfs, A; Tanislav, C; sifap1 Investigators.
Clinical signs in young patients with stroke related to FAST: results of the sifap1 study.
BMJ Open. 2014; 4(11):e005276-e005276 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Schmidt Reinhold
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Abstract:
The present study aimed to evaluate the frequency of warning signs in younger patients with stroke with a special regard to the 'FAST' scheme, a public stroke recognition instrument (face, arm, speech, timely). Primary stroke care in participating centres of a multinational European prospective cross-sectional study (Stroke in Young Fabry Patients; sifap1). Forty-seven centres from 15 European countries participate in sifap1. 5023 acute patients with stroke (aged 18-55 years) patients (96.5% Caucasians) were enrolled in the study between April 2007 and January 2010. sifap1 was originally designed to investigate the relation of juvenile stroke and Fabry disease. A secondary aim of sifap1 was to investigate stroke patterns in this specific group of patients. The present investigation is a secondary analysis addressing stroke presenting symptoms with a special regard to signs included in the FAST scheme. 4535 patients with transient ischaemic attack (TIA; n=1071), ischaemic stroke (n=3396) or other (n=68) were considered in the presented analysis. FAST symptoms could be traced in 76.5% of all cases. 35% of those with at least one FAST symptom had all three symptoms. At least one FAST symptom could be recognised in 69.1% of 18-24 years-old patients, in 74% of those aged 25-34 years, in 75.4% of those aged 35-44 years, and 77.8% in 45-55 years-old patients. With increasing stroke severity signs included in the FAST scheme were more prevalent (National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, NIHSS<5: 69%, NIHSS 6-15: 98.9%, NIHSS>15: 100%). Clustering clinical signs according to FAST lower percentages of strokes in the posterior circulation (65.2%) and in patients with TIA (62.3%) were identified. FAST may be applied as a useful and rapid tool to identify stroke symptoms in young individuals aged 18-55 years. Especially in patients eligible for thrombolysis FAST might address the majority of individuals. The study was registered in http://www.clinicaltrials.gov (No. NCT00414583). Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adolescent -
Adult -
Cross-Sectional Studies -
Female -
Humans -
Male -
Middle Aged -
Prospective Studies -
Stroke - diagnosis
Symptom Assessment - methods
Young Adult -

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