Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Poggesi, A; Gouw, A; van der Flier, W; Pracucci, G; Chabriat, H; Erkinjuntti, T; Fazekas, F; Ferro, JM; Blahak, C; Langhorne, P; O'Brien, J; Schmidt, R; Visser, MC; Wahlund, LO; Waldemar, G; Wallin, A; Scheltens, P; Inzitari, D; Pantoni, L.
Neurological abnormalities predict disability: the LADIS (Leukoaraiosis And DISability) study.
J Neurol. 2014; 261(6):1160-1169
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Fazekas Franz
Schmidt Reinhold
Altmetrics:

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:
Abstract:
To investigate the role of neurological abnormalities and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions in predicting global functional decline in a cohort of initially independent-living elderly subjects. The Leukoaraiosis And DISability (LADIS) Study, involving 11 European centres, was primarily aimed at evaluating age-related white matter changes (ARWMC) as an independent predictor of the transition to disability (according to Instrumental Activities of Daily Living scale) or death in independent elderly subjects that were followed up for 3 years. At baseline, a standardized neurological examination was performed. MRI assessment included age-related white matter changes (ARWMC) grading (mild, moderate, severe according to the Fazekas' scale), count of lacunar and non-lacunar infarcts, and global atrophy rating. Of the 633 (out of the 639 enrolled) patients with follow-up information (mean age 74.1 ± 5.0 years, 45 % males), 327 (51.7 %) presented at the initial visit with ≥1 neurological abnormality and 242 (38 %) reached the main study outcome. Cox regression analyses, adjusting for MRI features and other determinants of functional decline, showed that the baseline presence of any neurological abnormality independently predicted transition to disability or death [HR (95 % CI) 1.53 (1.01-2.34)]. The hazard increased with increasing number of abnormalities. Among MRI lesions, only ARWMC of severe grade independently predicted disability or death [HR (95 % CI) 2.18 (1.37-3.48)]. In our cohort, presence and number of neurological examination abnormalities predicted global functional decline independent of MRI lesions typical of the aging brain and other determinants of disability in the elderly. Systematically checking for neurological examination abnormalities in older patients may be cost-effective in identifying those at risk of functional decline.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Activities of Daily Living -
Aged -
Aged, 80 and over -
Disability Evaluation -
Disabled Persons -
Disabled Persons -
Female -
Follow-Up Studies -
Humans -
Leukoaraiosis - complications
Magnetic Resonance Imaging -
Male -
Nervous System Diseases - complications
Neurologic Examination -
Predictive Value of Tests -
Proportional Hazards Models -
Severity of Illness Index -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
White matter changes
Disability
Cerebrovascular diseases
Neurological examination
MRI
© Meduni Graz Impressum