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Schwarz, CM; Strenger, V; Strohmaier, H; Singer, G; Kaiser, M; Raicht, A; Schwinger, W; Urban, C.
HHV-6 Specific T-Cell Immunity in Healthy Children and Adolescents.
Front Pediatr. 2018; 6: 191-191. [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Eibisberger Margarita
Schwarz Christine Maria
Schwinger Wolfgang
Singer Georg
Strenger Volker
Strohmaier Heimo
Urban Ernst-Christian
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Abstract:
Objective: Primary infection with human herpes virus 6 (mainly HHV-6B) commonly occurs in the first 2 years of life leading to persistence and the possibility of virus reactivation later in life. Consequently, a specific cellular immune response is essential for effective control of virus reactivation. We have studied cell-mediated immune response to HHV-6 (U54) in healthy children and adolescents. Materials and Methods: By flow cytometry, the amount of cytokine (interferon gamma-IFN- γ, interleukin 2-IL-2, tumor necrosis factor alpha-TNF-α) secreting T-cells were measured after 10 days of pre-sensitization and 6 h of re-stimulation with mixtures of pooled overlapping peptides from U54, staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB, positive control), or Actin (negative control) in healthy children and adolescents without any underlying immune disorder or infectious disease. Results: All individuals showed a virus-specific response for at least one cytokine in either CD4+ or CD8+ cells. Percentages of individuals with HHV-6-specific TNF-α response in CD4+ (48% of individuals) as well as CD8+ (56% of individuals) were always the highest. Our data show significantly higher frequencies of HHV-6-specific TNF-α producing CD8+ T-cells in individuals older than 10 years of life (p = 0.033). Additionally, the frequency of HHV-6 specific TNF-α producing CD8+ T-cells positively correlated with the age of the individuals. Linear regression analysis showed a positive relation between age and frequency of HHV-6-specific TNF-α producing CD8+ T-cells. Conclusion: Results indicate that T-cell immune response against HHV-6 is commonly detectable in healthy children and adolescents with higher frequencies of antigen-specific T-cells in older children and adolescents possibly reflecting repeated stimulation by viral persistence and subclinical reactivation.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
HHV-6
T-cell response
flow cytometry
U54
antigen-specific T-cells
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