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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Koestenberger, M; Avian, A; Gamillscheg, A; Sallmon, H; Grangl, G; Burmas, A; Schweintzger, S; Kurath-Koller, S; Cvirn, G; Hansmann, G.
Right ventricular base/apex ratio in the assessment of pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension: Results from the European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network.
Clin Cardiol. 2018; 41(9):1144-1149 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Avian Alexander
Burmas Ante
Cvirn Gerhard
Gamillscheg Andreas
Grangl Gernot
Köstenberger Martin
Kurath-Koller Stefan
Schweintzger Sabrina
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Abstract:
Echocardiographic determination of RV end-systolic base/apex (RVES b/a) ratio was proposed to be of clinical value for assessment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in adults. We hypothesized that the RVES b/a ratio will be affected in children with PAH and aimed to correlate RVES b/a ratio with conventionally used echocardiographic and hemodynamic variables, and with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class. First we determined normal pediatric values for RVES b/a ratio in 157 healthy children (68 males; age range, 0.5-17.7 years). We then conducted an echocardiographic study in 51 children with PAH (29 males; age range, 0.3-17.8 years). RVES b/a ratio was lower compared with age- and sex-matched healthy controls (P < 0.001). In children with PAH, RVES b/a ratio decreased with worsening NYHA class. RVES b/a ratio inversely correlated with RV/LV end-systolic diameter ratio (ρ = -0.450, P = 0.001) but did not correlate with RV systolic function parameters (eg, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion) and correlated with cardiac catheterization-determined pulmonary vascular resistance index (ρ = -0.571, P < 0.001). ROC analysis unraveled excellent performance of RVES b/a ratio to detect PAH in children (AUC: 0.95, 95% CI: 0.89-1.00, P < 0.001). The RVES b/a ratio decreased in children with PAH compared with age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. The RVES b/a ratio inversely correlated with both echocardiographic and hemodynamic indicators of increased RV pressure afterload and with NYHA class, suggesting that RVES b/a ratio reflects disease severity in PAH children. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Echocardiography
End-Systolic Base/Apex Ratio
Pediatric
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Right Ventricle
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