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Nagele, E; Furschuss, C; Mohapp, A; Wiegele, K; Lackner, H; Urban, C.
Psychosocial care of pediatric oncology patients. From the diagnosis up to transition?
MONATSSCHR KINDERH. 2017; 165(9): 780-785.
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Lackner Herwig
Mohapp Andrea
Nagele Eva Helene
Urban Ernst-Christian
Wiegele Karin
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Abstract:
Cancer and its treatment in childhood have serious effects not only on the context of life but also on the perspectives for life of patients and their relatives. An appropriate psychosocial care is highly relevant for health-related political issues by preventing psychological and social long-term effects. Adaptive activities for individuals are promoted, which are important for a successful life during and after the disease. The aim of this article is to give a comprehensive overview of well-established concepts in psychosocial care and current challenges in pediatric psycho-oncology. International guidelines form the basis of a needs-oriented, evidence-based psycho-oncological treatment. This treatment definitely has positive effects on specific psychosocial variables in patients and their family members. The basic elements of all theoretical concepts are the reinforcement of resources and a treatment-related multiprofessional supportive therapy, in addition to family orientation. Psychosocial care makes important contributions to processing of the disease, compliance and an increase in quality of life, patient satisfaction as well as health promotion and reintegration in the sense of a holistic treatment concept in pediatric oncology and hematology. The foundations are needs-oriented care and accompaniment from the initial diagnosis, during the acute treatment and also after termination of treatment. Cross-generational oncological diseases require specific psychoeducational and therapeutic options for the whole family. Structural and general framework conditions must be achieved for a sustainable implementation of psychosocial care during treatment, follow-up and transition.

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