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Resch, B; Bramreiter, VS; Kurath-Koller, S; Freidl, T; Urlesberger, B.
Respiratory syncytial virus associated hospitalizations in preterm infants of 29 to 32 weeks gestational age using a risk score tool for palivizumab prophylaxis.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2017; 36(6):1057-1062 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Freidl Thomas
Kurath-Koller Stefan
Resch Bernhard
Urlesberger Berndt
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Abstract:
To evaluate the efficacy of palivizumab in infants of 29 to 32 weeks of gestational age (GA) based on a risk score tool developed for Austria. Retrospective single-center cohort study including all preterm infants of 29 (+0) to 32 (+6) weeks of GA born between 2004 and 2012 at a tertiary care university hospital. Data on RSV-related hospitalizations over the first 2 years of life were analyzed and compared between those having received palivizumab and those without. The study population was comprised of 789 of 816 screened infants, of whom 262 (33%) had received palivizumab and 527 (67%) had not. Nine of 107 rehospitalizations (8.4%) in the palivizumab group compared to 32 of 156 rehospitalizations (20.5%) in the group without prophylaxis were tested RSV-positive (p = 0.004; OR 0.356 [CI 90% 0.184-0.689]). Proven and calculated RSV hospitalization rate was 3.1% (8/262) in the palivizumab group and 5.9% (31/527) in the group without (p = 0.042; OR 0.504 [CI 90% 0.259-0.981]). Increasing number of risk factors (up to three) increased the RSV hospitalization rate in infants with (6.1%) and without (9.0%) prophylaxis. RSV-associated hospitalizations did not differ between groups with regard to length of stay, severity of infection, age at hospitalization, demand of supplemental oxygen, need for mechanical ventilation, and admission rate to the ICU. A risk score tool developed for infants of 29 to 32 weeks of gestational age led to a reduction of RSV-associated hospitalizations without influencing the severity of disease.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Antiviral Agents - administration & dosage
Austria -
Chemoprevention - methods
Female -
Hospitalization -
Hospitals, University -
Humans -
Infant -
Infant, Newborn -
Infant, Premature -
Male -
Palivizumab - administration & dosage
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections - epidemiology
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections - pathology
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections - prevention & control
Retrospective Studies -
Risk Assessment -
Tertiary Care Centers -
Treatment Outcome -

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