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Pfurtscheller, K; Ring, S; Beran, E; Sorantin, E; Zobel, J; Ganster, D; Avian, A; Zobel, G.
Effect of body position on ventilation distribution during PEEP titration in a porcine model of acute lung injury using advanced respiratory monitoring and electrical impedance tomography.
Intensive Care Med Exp. 2015; 3(1):38-38 [OPEN ACCESS]
PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Avian Alexander
Beran Elisabeth
Pfurtscheller Klaus
Sorantin Erich
Zobel Gerfried
Zobel Joachim
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Number of Figures: 3
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Abstract:
Lung failure after acute lung injury remains a challenge in different clinical settings. Various interventions for restoration of gas exchange have been investigated. Recruitment of collapsed alveoli by positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) titration and optimization of ventilation-perfusion ratio by prone positioning have been extensively described in animal and clinical trials. This animal study was conducted to investigate the effects of PEEP and positioning by means of advanced respiratory monitoring including gas exchange, respiratory mechanics, volumetric capnography and electrical impedance tomography. After induction of acute lung injury by oleic acid and lung lavage, 12 domestic pigs were studied in randomly assigned supine or prone position during a PEEP titration trial with maximal PEEP of 30 mbar. Induction of lung injury resulted in significant deterioration of oxygenation [partial pressure of arterial oxygen/inspiratory fraction of oxygen (PaO2/FiO2): p = 0.002] and ventilation [partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2): p = 0.002] and elevated alveolar dead-space ratios (Valv/Vte: p = 0.003) in both groups. Differences in the prone and the supine group were significant for PaCO2 at incremental PEEP 10 and 20 and at decremental PEEP 20 (20d) and 10 (10d), for PaO2/FiO2 at PEEP 10 and 10d and for alveolar dead space at PEEP 10d. Electrical impedance tomography revealed homogenous ventilation distribution in prone position during PEEP 20, 30 and 20d. Prone position leads to improved oxygenation and ventilation parameters in a lung injury model. Respiratory monitoring with measurement of alveolar dead space and electrical impedance tomography may visualize optimized ventilation in a PEEP titration trial.

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