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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Hyttel-Sorensen, S; Pellicer, A; Alderliesten, T; Austin, T; van Bel, F; Benders, M; Claris, O; Dempsey, E; Franz, AR; Fumagalli, M; Gluud, C; Grevstad, B; Hagmann, C; Lemmers, P; van Oeveren, W; Pichler, G; Plomgaard, AM; Riera, J; Sanchez, L; Winkel, P; Wolf, M; Greisen, G.
Cerebral near infrared spectroscopy oximetry in extremely preterm infants: phase II randomised clinical trial.
BMJ. 2015; 350(8):g7635-g7635 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Pichler Gerhard
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Abstract:
To determine if it is possible to stabilise the cerebral oxygenation of extremely preterm infants monitored by cerebral near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) oximetry. Phase II randomised, single blinded, parallel clinical trial. Eight tertiary neonatal intensive care units in eight European countries. 166 extremely preterm infants born before 28 weeks of gestation: 86 were randomised to cerebral NIRS monitoring and 80 to blinded NIRS monitoring. The only exclusion criterion was a decision not to provide life support. Monitoring of cerebral oxygenation using NIRS in combination with a dedicated treatment guideline during the first 72 hours of life (experimental) compared with blinded NIRS oxygenation monitoring with standard care (control). The primary outcome measure was the time spent outside the target range of 55-85% for cerebral oxygenation multiplied by the mean absolute deviation, expressed in %hours (burden of hypoxia and hyperoxia). One hour with an oxygenation of 50% gives 5%hours of hypoxia. Secondary outcomes were all cause mortality at term equivalent age and a brain injury score assessed by cerebral ultrasonography. Allocation sequence 1:1 with block sizes 4 and 6 in random order concealed for the investigators. The allocation was stratified for gestational age (<26 weeks or ≥ 26 weeks). Cerebral oxygenation measurements were blinded in the control group. All outcome assessors were blinded to group allocation. The 86 infants randomised to the NIRS group had a median burden of hypoxia and hyperoxia of 36.1%hours (interquartile range 9.2-79.5%hours) compared with 81.3 (38.5-181.3) %hours in the control group, a reduction of 58% (95% confidence interval 35% to 73%, P<0.001). In the experimental group the median burden of hypoxia was 16.6 (interquartile range 5.4-68.1) %hours, compared with 53.6 (17.4-171.3) %hours in the control group (P=0.0012). The median burden of hyperoxia was similar between the groups: 1.2 (interquartile range 0.3-9.6) %hours in the experimental group compared with 1.1 (0.1-23.4) %hours in the control group (P=0.98). We found no statistically significant differences between the two groups at term corrected age. No severe adverse reactions were associated with the device. Cerebral oxygenation was stabilised in extremely preterm infants using a dedicated treatment guideline in combination with cerebral NIRS monitoring.Trial registration ClinicalTrial.gov NCT01590316. © Hyttel-Sorensen et al 2015.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Anoxia - diagnosis
Brain - blood supply
Cerebrovascular Circulation -
Clinical Protocols -
Clinical Protocols -
Guideline Adherence -
Humans -
Infant, Extremely Premature -
Infant, Newborn -
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal -
Intensive Care, Neonatal -
Monitoring, Physiologic - methods
Oximetry - methods
Practice Guidelines as Topic -
Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared - methods
Time Factors -
Treatment Outcome -

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