Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Braun, RJ; Sommer, C; Leibiger, C; Gentier, RJ; Dumit, VI; Paduch, K; Eisenberg, T; Habernig, L; Trausinger, G; Magnes, C; Pieber, T; Sinner, F; Dengjel, J; van Leeuwen, FW; Kroemer, G; Madeo, F.
Accumulation of Basic Amino Acids at Mitochondria Dictates the Cytotoxicity of Aberrant Ubiquitin.
Cell Rep. 2015; 137(6): [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Pieber Thomas
Sinner Frank
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Number of Figures: 8
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Abstract:
Neuronal accumulation of UBB+1, a frameshift variant of ubiquitin B, is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). How UBB+1 contributes to neuronal dysfunction remains elusive. Here, we show that in brain regions of AD patients with neurofibrillary tangles UBB+1 co-exists with VMS1, the mitochondrion-specific component of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). Expression of UBB+1 in yeast disturbs the UPS, leading to mitochondrial stress and apoptosis. Inhibiting UPS activity exacerbates while stimulating UPS by the transcription activator Rpn4 reduces UBB+1-triggered cytotoxicity. High levels of the Rpn4 target protein Cdc48 and its cofactor Vms1 are sufficient to relieve programmed cell death. We identified the UBB+1-induced enhancement of the basic amino acids arginine, ornithine, and lysine at mitochondria as a decisive toxic event, which can be reversed by Cdc48/Vms1-mediated proteolysis. The fact that AD-induced cellular dysfunctions can be avoided by UPS activity at mitochondria has potentially far-reaching pathophysiological implications. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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