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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Gaberscek, S; Zaletel, K; Schwetz, V; Pieber, T; Obermayer-Pietsch, B; Lerchbaum, E.
MECHANISMS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY Thyroid and polycystic ovary syndrome
EUR J ENDOCRINOL. 2015; 172(1): R9-21. [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Lerchbaum Elisabeth
Obermayer-Pietsch Barbara
Pieber Thomas
Theiler-Schwetz Verena
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Abstract:
Thyroid disorders, especially Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are closely associated, based on a number of studies showing a significantly higher prevalence of HT in women with PCOS than in controls. However, the mechanisms of this association are not as clear. Certainly, genetic susceptibility contributes an important part to the development of HT and PCOS. However, a common genetic background has not yet been established. Polymorphisms of the PCOS-related gene for fibrillin 3 (FBN3) could be involved in the pathogenesis of HT and PCOS. Fibrillins influence the activity of transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ). Multifunctional TGFβ is also a key regulator of immune tolerance by stimulating regulatory T cells (Tregs), which are known to inhibit excessive immune response. With lower TGFβ and Treg levels, the autoimmune processes, well known in HT and assumed in PCOS, might develop. In fact, lower levels of TGFβ1 were found in HT as well as in PCOS women carrying allele 8 of D19S884 in the FBN3 gene. Additionally, vitamin D deficiency was shown to decrease Tregs. Finally, high estrogen-to-progesterone ratio owing to anovulatory cycles in PCOS women could enhance the immune response. Harmful metabolic and reproductive effects were shown to be more pronounced in women with HT and PCOS when compared with women with HT alone or with controls. In conclusion, HT and PCOS are associated not only with respect to their prevalence, but also with regard to etiology and clinical consequences. However, a possible crosstalk of this association is yet to be elucidated. © 2015 European Society of Endocrinology.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Female -
Hashimoto Disease - diagnosis Hashimoto Disease - genetics
Humans -
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - diagnosis Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - genetics
Polymorphism, Genetic - genetics
Thyroid Gland - pathology

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