Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Moissl-Eichinger, C; Auerbach, AK; Probst, AJ; Mahnert, A; Tom, L; Piceno, Y; Andersen, GL; Venkateswaran, K; Rettberg, P; Barczyk, S; Pukall, R; Berg, G.
Quo vadis? Microbial profiling revealed strong effects of cleanroom maintenance and routes of contamination in indoor environments.
Sci Rep. 2015; 5(8):9156-9156 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Mahnert Alexander
Moissl-Eichinger Christine
Altmetrics:

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:
Number of Figures: 10
| | | | | | | | | |
Abstract:
Space agencies maintain highly controlled cleanrooms to ensure the demands of planetary protection. To study potential effects of microbiome control, we analyzed microbial communities in two particulate-controlled cleanrooms (ISO 5 and ISO 8) and two vicinal uncontrolled areas (office, changing room) by cultivation and 16S rRNA gene amplicon analysis (cloning, pyrotagsequencing, and PhyloChip G3 analysis). Maintenance procedures affected the microbiome on total abundance and microbial community structure concerning richness, diversity and relative abundance of certain taxa. Cleanroom areas were found to be mainly predominated by potentially human-associated bacteria; archaeal signatures were detected in every area. Results indicate that microorganisms were mainly spread from the changing room (68%) into the cleanrooms, potentially carried along with human activity. The numbers of colony forming units were reduced by up to ~400 fold from the uncontrolled areas towards the ISO 5 cleanroom, accompanied with a reduction of the living portion of microorganisms from 45% (changing area) to 1% of total 16S rRNA gene signatures as revealed via propidium monoazide treatment of the samples. Our results demonstrate the strong effects of cleanroom maintenance on microbial communities in indoor environments and can be used to improve the design and operation of biologically controlled cleanrooms.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Air Microbiology -
Air Pollution, Indoor -
Archaea - classification
Archaea - genetics
Bacteria - classification
Bacteria - genetics
Biodiversity -
Cluster Analysis -
Environment, Controlled -
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing -
Humans -
Metagenome -
Metagenomics - methods
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S - genetics

© Meduni Graz Impressum