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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Holzer, M; Schilcher, G; Curcic, S; Trieb, M; Ljubojevic, S; Stojakovic, T; Scharnagl, H; Kopecky, CM; Rosenkranz, AR; Heinemann, A; Marsche, G.
Dialysis Modalities and HDL Composition and Function.
J Am Soc Nephrol. 2015; 26(9):2267-2276 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Curcic Sanja
Heinemann Akos
Holzer Michael
Holzer Senka
Marsche Gunther
Rosenkranz Alexander
Scharnagl Hubert
Schilcher Gernot
Stojakovic Tatjana
Trieb Markus
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Number of Figures: 5
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Abstract:
Lipid abnormalities may have an effect on clinical outcomes of patients on dialysis. Recent studies have indicated that HDL dysfunction is a hallmark of ESRD. In this study, we compared HDL composition and metrics of HDL functionality in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) with those in healthy controls. We detected a marked suppression of several metrics of HDL functionality in patients on HD or PD. Compositional analysis revealed that HDL from both dialysis groups shifted toward a more proinflammatory phenotype with profound alterations in the lipid moiety and protein composition. With regard to function, cholesterol efflux and anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic functions seemed to be more severely suppressed in patients on HD, whereas HDL-associated paraoxonase activity was lowest in patients on PD. Quantification of enzyme activities involved in HDL metabolism suggested that HDL particle maturation and remodeling are altered in patients on HD or PD. In summary, our study provides mechanistic insights into the formation of dysfunctional HDL in patients with ESRD who are on HD or PD. Copyright © 2015 by the American Society of Nephrology.
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