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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Doleschal, B; Primessnig, U; Wölkart, G; Wolf, S; Schernthaner, M; Lichtenegger, M; Glasnov, TN; Kappe, CO; Mayer, B; Antoons, G; Heinzel, F; Poteser, M; Groschner, K.
TRPC3 contributes to regulation of cardiac contractility and arrhythmogenesis by dynamic interaction with NCX1.
Cardiovasc Res. 2015; 106(1):163-173 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Antoons Gudrun
Doleschal Bernhard
Groschner Klaus
Heinzel Frank
Lichtenegger Michaela
Poteser Michael
Primessnig Uwe
Schernthaner Michaela
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Number of Figures: 10
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Abstract:
TRPC3 is a non-selective cation channel, which forms a Ca2+ entry pathway involved in cardiac remodelling. Our aim was to analyse acute electrophysiological and contractile consequences of TRPC3 activation in the heart. We used a murine model of cardiac TRPC3 overexpression and a novel TRPC3 agonist, GSK1702934A, to uncover (patho)physiological functions of TRPC3. GSK1702934A induced a transient, non-selective conductance and prolonged action potentials in TRPC3-overexpressing myocytes but lacked significant electrophysiological effects in wild-type myocytes. GSK1702934A transiently enhanced contractility and evoked arrhythmias in isolated Langendorff hearts from TRPC3-overexpressing but not wild-type mice. Interestingly, pro-arrhythmic effects outlasted TRPC3 current activation, were prevented by enhanced intracellular Ca2+ buffering, and suppressed by the NCX inhibitor 3',4'-dichlorobenzamil hydrochloride. GSK1702934A substantially promoted NCX currents in TRPC3-overexpressing myocytes. The TRPC3-dependent electrophysiologic, pro-arrhythmic, and inotropic actions of GSK1702934A were mimicked by angiotensin II (AngII). Immunocytochemistry demonstrated colocalization of TRPC3 with NCX1 and disruption of local interaction upon channel activation by either GSK1702934A or AngII. Cardiac TRPC3 mediates Ca2+ and Na+ entry in proximity of NCX1, thereby elevating cellular Ca2+ levels and contractility. Excessive activation of TRPC3 is associated with transient cellular Ca2+ overload, spatial uncoupling between TRPC3 and NCX1, and arrhythmogenesis. We propose TRPC3-NCX micro/nanodomain communication as determinant of cardiac contractility and susceptibility to arrhythmogenic stimuli. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Action Potentials - physiology
Animals -
Arrhythmias, Cardiac - pathology
Arrhythmias, Cardiac - physiopathology
Calcium - physiology
Disease Models, Animal -
Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac -
Female -
Male -
Mice -
Mice, Transgenic -
Myocardial Contraction - physiology
Myocytes, Cardiac - pathology
Myocytes, Cardiac - physiology
Patch-Clamp Techniques -
Signal Transduction - physiology
Sodium-Calcium Exchanger - physiology
TRPC Cation Channels - agonists
TRPC Cation Channels - genetics
TRPC Cation Channels - physiology

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
TRPC3
NCX1
Ca2+ handling
Cardiac contractility
Arrhythmias
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