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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Crnkovic, S; Egemnazarov, B; Jain, P; Seay, U; Gattinger, N; Marsh, LM; Bálint, Z; Kovacs, G; Ghanim, B; Klepetko, W; Schermuly, RT; Weissmann, N; Olschewski, A; Kwapiszewska, G.
NPY/Y₁ receptor-mediated vasoconstrictory and proliferative effects in pulmonary hypertension.
Br J Pharmacol. 2014; 171(16):3895-3907 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Bálint Zoltán
Crnkovic Slaven
Egemnazarov Bakytbek
JAIN Piyush
Jain Pritesh
Kovacs Gabor
Kwapiszewska-Marsh Grazyna
Marsh Leigh
Olschewski Andrea
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Number of Figures: 7
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Abstract:
Pulmonary arteries (PAs) are innervated, but little is known about the role of neuronal axis in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Here, we have examined the role of the neuropeptide Y (NPY) and its Y₁ receptor in PH pathogenesis. NPY was localized by immunofluorescence. Expression of NPY and Y₁ receptor were determined by quantitative PCR. Cellular response to NPY stimulation was assessed by Western blotting, thymidine incorporation and calcium imaging. Wire myography and isolated perfused mouse lung were applied to study pulmonary vasoactive effects of NPY. Selective receptor antagonists were used to assess the contribution of receptor subtypes in mediating NPY effects. Samples from PH patients showed increased NPYergic innervation within the PA wall and higher Y₁ receptor expression, compared with donors. However, NPY levels were unchanged in both PA and serum. In the chronic hypoxic mouse model, Y₁ receptor were up-regulated, while expression of both NPY and Y₁ receptor was increased in the lungs of monocrotaline and SU5416-hypoxia rats. On a functional level, NPY acutely increased intracellular calcium levels and enhanced vasoconstriction of lung vessels preconstricted with adrenaline. Furthermore, NPY stimulated proliferation of human pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells and activated p38 and PKD pathways. Correspondingly, higher phosphorylation of PKD was observed in remodelled vessels from PH patients. The selective Y₁ receptor antagonist, BIBO 3304, concentration-dependently inhibited vasoconstrictive and proliferative effects of NPY. NPY and Y₁ receptor are possible mediators of both vasoconstriction and pulmonary vascular remodelling in PH. © 2014 The British Pharmacological Society.
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