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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Deng, X; Lu, J; Lehman-McKeeman, LD; Malle, E; Crandall, D; Ganey, PE; Roth, RA.
p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent tumor necrosis factor-alpha-converting enzyme is important for liver injury in hepatotoxic interaction between lipopolysaccharide and ranitidine.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2008; 326(1): 144-152. [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Malle Ernst
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Number of Figures: 12
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Abstract:
Ranitidine (RAN) is one of the drugs associated with idiosyncratic adverse drug reactions (IADRs) in human patients. In rats, cotreatment with nontoxic doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and RAN causes liver injury. This is a potential animal model for RAN-induced IADRs in humans. Previous studies showed that RAN augmented serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production and hepatic neutrophil activation after LPS treatment and that both TNF-alpha and neutrophils are crucial for the liver pathogenesis. We tested the hypothesis that p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation is necessary for TNF-alpha production, neutrophil activation, and subsequent liver injury. LPS/RAN cotreatment caused more p38 activation compared with LPS alone. The p38 inhibitor SB 239063 [trans-1-(4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-4-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-(2-methoxypyridimidin-4-yl) imidazole] reduced liver injury in rats cotreated with LPS/RAN. This inhibitor also reduced neutrophil activation and attenuated hemostatic system activation. SB 239063 decreased serum TNF-alpha concentration after LPS/RAN treatment to the same level as LPS treatment. However, the inhibitor did not reduce TNF-alpha mRNA in liver, suggesting a post-transcriptional mode of action. This might occur through TNF-alpha-converting enzyme (TACE), which cleaves pro-TNF-alpha into its active form. Indeed, a TACE inhibitor administered just before RAN treatment reduced serum TNF-alpha protein. The TACE inhibitor also reduced liver injury and serum plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1. Furthermore, a PAI-1 inhibitor reduced neutrophil activation and liver injury after LPS/RAN treatment. In summary, RAN enhanced TNF-alpha production after LPS treatment through augmented p38 activation, and this seems to occur through TACE. The prolonged TNF-alpha production enhanced PAI-1 production after RAN cotreatment, and this is important for the hepatotoxicity.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
ADAM Proteins - metabolism
Animals -
Enzyme Activation - drug effects
Imidazoles - pharmacokinetics
Lipopolysaccharides - pharmacokinetics
Liver - drug effects
Male -
Protein Kinase Inhibitors - pharmacokinetics
Pyrimidines - pharmacokinetics
Ranitidine - pharmacokinetics
Rats -
Rats, Sprague-Dawley -
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases - antagonists and inhibitors

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