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Majali-Martinez, A; Barth, S; Lang, U; Desoye, G; Cervar-Zivkovic, M.
Temporal changes of the endothelin system in human cytotrophoblasts during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Physiol Res. 2018; 67(Supplementum 1):S247-S255 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Barth Sonja
Cervar-Zivkovic Mila
Desoye Gernot
Lang Uwe
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Abstract:
The first trimester of pregnancy is characterized by continuous proliferation, invasion and differentiation of cytotrophoblasts. These processes are precisely controlled both, in space and time by molecules such as endothelin-1 (ET-1). ET-1 is expressed in human first trimester trophoblast and is known to stimulate cytotrophoblast proliferation through endothelin A and B receptor subtypes (ET(A) and ET(B)), and cytotrophoblast invasion through ET(B). However, temporal changes of the ET system during the first trimester of pregnancy have not been previously studied. This study tested the hypothesis that ET-1 release, ET(A) and ET(B) expression are increased towards the end of the first trimester of pregnancy (weeks 10-12 vs. weeks 6-9), resulting in increased cytotrophoblast proliferation and invasion. Tissue samples were obtained from 17 surgical pregnancy interruptions (week 6-9: n=9; week 10-12: n=8). After cytotrophoblast isolation, the invasive and proliferative phenotypes were immune-separated by an alpha(6)-integrin antibody. Both proliferative and invasive cytotrophoblasts were cultured separately on plastic or Matrigel for 24 h. ET-1 release into the culture medium of both cytotrophoblast subtypes was measured by radioimmunoassay. ET(A) and ET(B) mRNA expression was measured by RT-PCR, and the ET-1 effect on cytotrophoblast proliferation and invasion was determined using proliferation and invasion assays, respectively. ET-1 release increased from early to late first trimester of pregnancy in both proliferative (1.8-4.5 fold) and invasive cytotrophoblasts (9.3-28 fold), especially when cultured on Matrigel. This was paralleled by less ET(B) mRNA on invasive cytotrophoblasts independent of the time period in first trimester, whereas ET(A) expression was similar on proliferative an invasive cytotrophoblasts. Proliferation and invasion of cytotrophoblasts under control conditions decreased from early to late first trimester. ET-1 stimulated both processes at both periods with the most pronounced effect (7-fold) on invasion in late first trimester. The ET-1/ET-receptor system changes between weeks 6-9 and 10-12 in pregnancy. Our data suggest an autocrine and endocrine ET-1 effect, which is stronger in late than in early first trimester of pregnancy paralleled by different stimulatory effects on trophoblast invasion and proliferation. In general, this suggests time as an additional effector of the critical processes governing placental development in the first trimester of human pregnancy.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Endothelin-1
First trimester trophoblast
Proliferation
Invasion
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