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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Zechner, R; Madeo, F; Kratky, D.
Cytosolic lipolysis and lipophagy: two sides of the same coin.
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2017; 18(11):671-684
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Kratky Dagmar

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Plum Analytics:
Fatty acids are the most efficient substrates for energy production in vertebrates and are essential components of the lipids that form biological membranes. Synthesis of triacylglycerols from non-esterified free fatty acids (FFAs) combined with triacylglycerol storage represents a highly efficient strategy to stockpile FFAs in cells and prevent FFA-induced lipotoxicity. Although essentially all vertebrate cells have some capacity to store and utilize triacylglycerols, white adipose tissue is by far the largest triacylglycerol depot and is uniquely able to supply FFAs to other tissues. The release of FFAs from triacylglycerols requires their enzymatic hydrolysis by a process called lipolysis. Recent discoveries thoroughly altered and extended our understanding of lipolysis. This Review discusses how cytosolic 'neutral' lipolysis and lipophagy, which utilizes 'acid' lipolysis in lysosomes, degrade cellular triacylglycerols as well as how these pathways communicate, how they affect lipid metabolism and energy homeostasis and how their dysfunction affects the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases. Answers to these questions will likely uncover novel strategies for the treatment of prevalent metabolic diseases.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adipose Tissue, White - metabolism
Adipose Tissue, White - pathology
Animals -
Cytosol - metabolism
Cytosol - pathology
Energy Metabolism -
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified - metabolism
Humans -
Lipolysis -
Lysosomes - metabolism
Lysosomes - pathology
Metabolic Diseases - metabolism
Metabolic Diseases - pathology
Metabolic Diseases - therapy
Triglycerides - metabolism

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