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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Wölkart, G; Schrammel, A; Koyani, CN; Scherübel, S; Zorn-Pauly, K; Malle, E; Pelzmann, B; Andrä, M; Ortner, A; Mayer, B.
Cardioprotective effects of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural mediated by inhibition of L-type Ca(2+) currents.
Br J Pharmacol. 2017; 174(20):3640-3653 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Koyani Chintan Navinchandra
Malle Ernst
Pelzmann Brigitte
Scherübel Susanne
Zorn-Pauly Klaus
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Number of Figures: 7
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Abstract:
The antioxidant 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) exerts documented beneficial effects in several experimental pathologies and is currently tested as an antisickling drug in clinical trials. In the present study, we examined the cardiovascular effects of 5-HMF and elucidated the mode of action of the drug. The cardiovascular effects of 5-HMF were studied with pre-contracted porcine coronary arteries and rat isolated normoxic-perfused hearts. Isolated hearts subjected to ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury were used to test for potential cardioprotective effects of the drug. The effects of 5-HMF on action potential and L-type Ca(2+) current (ICa,L ) were studied by patch-clamping guinea pig isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes. 5-HMF relaxed coronary arteries in a concentration-dependent manner and exerted negative inotropic, lusitropic and chronotropic effects in rat isolated perfused hearts. On the other hand, 5-HMF improved recovery of inotropic and lusitropic parameters in isolated hearts subjected to I/R. Patch clamp experiments revealed that 5-HMF inhibits L-type Ca(2+) channels. Reduced ICa,L density, shift of ICa,L steady-state inactivation curves toward negative membrane potentials and slower recovery of ICa,L from inactivation in response to 5-HMF accounted for the observed cardiovascular effects. Our data revealed a cardioprotective effect of 5-HMF in I/R that is mediated by inhibition of L-type Ca(2+) channels. Thus, 5-HMF is suggested as a beneficial additive to cardioplegic solutions, but adverse effects and contraindications of Ca(2+) channel blockers have to be considered in therapeutic application of the drug. © 2017 The Authors. British Journal of Pharmacology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Pharmacological Society.

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