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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Pessentheiner, AR; Pelzmann, HJ; Walenta, E; Schweiger, M; Groschner, LN; Graier, WF; Kolb, D; Uno, K; Miyazaki, T; Nitta, A; Rieder, D; Prokesch, A; Bogner-Strauss, JG.
NAT8L (N-acetyltransferase 8-like) accelerates lipid turnover and increases energy expenditure in brown adipocytes.
J Biol Chem. 2013; 288(50):36040-36051 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Graier Wolfgang
Groschner Lukas
Kolb-Lenz Dagmar
Prokesch Andreas
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Number of Figures: 8
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Abstract:
NAT8L (N-acetyltransferase 8-like) catalyzes the formation of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) from acetyl-CoA and aspartate. In the brain, NAA delivers the acetate moiety for synthesis of acetyl-CoA that is further used for fatty acid generation. However, its function in other tissues remained elusive. Here, we show for the first time that Nat8l is highly expressed in adipose tissues and murine and human adipogenic cell lines and is localized in the mitochondria of brown adipocytes. Stable overexpression of Nat8l in immortalized brown adipogenic cells strongly increases glucose incorporation into neutral lipids, accompanied by increased lipolysis, indicating an accelerated lipid turnover. Additionally, mitochondrial mass and number as well as oxygen consumption are elevated upon Nat8l overexpression. Concordantly, expression levels of brown marker genes, such as Prdm16, Cidea, Pgc1α, Pparα, and particularly UCP1, are markedly elevated in these cells. Treatment with a PPARα antagonist indicates that the increase in UCP1 expression and oxygen consumption is PPARα-dependent. Nat8l knockdown in brown adipocytes has no impact on cellular triglyceride content, lipogenesis, or oxygen consumption, but lipolysis and brown marker gene expression are increased; the latter is also observed in BAT of Nat8l-KO mice. Interestingly, the expression of ATP-citrate lyase is increased in Nat8l-silenced adipocytes and BAT of Nat8l-KO mice, indicating a compensatory mechanism to sustain the acetyl-CoA pool once Nat8l levels are reduced. Taken together, our data show that Nat8l impacts on the brown adipogenic phenotype and suggests the existence of the NAT8L-driven NAA metabolism as a novel pathway to provide cytosolic acetyl-CoA for lipid synthesis in adipocytes.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Acetyl Coenzyme A - metabolism
Acetyltransferases - deficiency Acetyltransferases - genetics Acetyltransferases - metabolism
Adipocytes, Brown - cytology Adipocytes, Brown - enzymology Adipocytes, Brown - metabolism
Adipogenesis -
Animals -
Cell Cycle Proteins - metabolism
Energy Metabolism -
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic -
Gene Knockout Techniques -
Gene Silencing -
Humans -
Ion Channels - metabolism
Kinetics -
Lipid Metabolism -
Male -
Mice -
Mice, Inbred C57BL -
Microtubule-Associated Proteins - metabolism
Mitochondria - metabolism
Mitochondrial Proteins - metabolism
Mitochondrial Size -
PPAR alpha - metabolism
Phenotype -
Phosphoproteins - metabolism
Protein Kinases - genetics
Protein Transport -
Up-Regulation -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Acetyl Coenzyme A
Adipose Tissue Metabolism
Aspartate
Fatty Acid Metabolism
Lipid Metabolism
Brown Adipocytes
N-Acetylaspartate
N-Acetyltransferase 8-like
Energy Expenditure
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