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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Patankar, JV; Obrowsky, S; Doddapattar, P; Hoefler, G; Battle, M; Levak-Frank, S; Kratky, D.
Intestinal GATA4 deficiency protects from diet-induced hepatic steatosis.
J Hepatol. 2012; 57(5):1061-1068 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Doddapattar Prakash
Hoefler Gerald
Kratky Dagmar
Levak Sanja
Obrowsky Sascha
Patankar Jay Vasant
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Abstract:
GATA4, a zinc finger domain transcription factor, is critical for jejunal identity. Mice with an intestine-specific GATA4 deficiency (GATA4iKO) are resistant to diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance. Although they have decreased intestinal lipid absorption, hepatic de novo lipogenesis is inhibited. Here, we investigated dietary lipid-dependent and independent effects on the development of steatosis and fibrosis in GATA4iKO mice. GATA4iKO and control mice were fed a Western-type diet (WTD) or a methionine and choline-deficient diet (MCDD) for 20 and 3 weeks, respectively. Functional effects of GATA4iKO on diet-induced liver steatosis were investigated. WTD-but not MCDD-fed GATA4iKO mice showed lower hepatic concentrations of triglycerides, free fatty acids, and thiobarbituric acid reactive species and had reduced expression of lipogenic as well as fibrotic genes compared with controls. Reduced nuclear sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c protein levels were accompanied by lower lipogenic gene expression. Oil red O and Sirius Red staining of liver sections confirmed the observed reduction in hepatic lipid accumulation and fibrosis. Immunohistochemical staining revealed an increased number of jejunal glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) positive cells in GATA4iKO mice. Consequently, we found enhanced phosphorylation of hepatic AMP-activated protein kinase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha. Our results provide strong indications for a protective effect of intestinal GATA4 deficiency on the development of hepatic steatosis and fibrosis via GLP-1, thereby blocking hepatic de novo lipogenesis. Copyright © 2012 European Association for the Study of the Liver. All rights reserved.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Choline Deficiency -
Diet - adverse effects
Disease Models, Animal -
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified - metabolism
Fatty Liver - chemically induced
GATA4 Transcription Factor - deficiency
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 - metabolism
Jejunum - metabolism
Lipid Metabolism - physiology
Liver Cirrhosis - chemically induced
Male -
Methionine - deficiency
Mice -
Mice, Knockout -
Protein Kinases - metabolism
Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 - metabolism
Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances - metabolism
Triglycerides - metabolism

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
GATA4
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
GLP-1
Ileal interposition surgery
De nova lipogenesis
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