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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Horvath, SE; Wagner, A; Steyrer, E; Daum, G.
Metabolic link between phosphatidylethanolamine and triacylglycerol metabolism in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011; 1811(12): 1030-1037. [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Steyrer Ernst
Wagner Andrea
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Abstract:
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae triacylglycerols (TAG) are synthesized by the acyl-CoA dependent acyltransferases Dga1p, Are1p, Are2p and the acyl-CoA independent phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (PDAT) Lro1p which uses phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as a preferred acyl donor. In the present study we investigated a possible link between TAG and PE metabolism by analyzing the contribution of the four different PE biosynthetic pathways to TAG formation, namely de novo PE synthesis via Psd1p and Psd2p, the CDP-ethanolamine (CDP-Etn) pathway and lyso-PE acylation by Ale1p. In cells grown on the non-fermentable carbon source lactate supplemented with 5mM ethanolamine (Etn) the CDP-Etn pathway contributed most to the cellular TAG level, whereas mutations in the other pathways displayed only minor effects. In cki1∆dpl1∆eki1∆ mutants bearing defects in the CDP-Etn pathway both the cellular and the microsomal levels of PE were markedly decreased, whereas in other mutants of PE biosynthetic routes depletion of this aminoglycerophospholipid was less pronounced in microsomes. This observation is important because Lro1p similar to the enzymes of the CDP-Etn pathway is a component of the ER. We conclude from these results that in cki1∆dpl1∆eki1∆ insufficient supply of PE to the PDAT Lro1p was a major reason for the strongly reduced TAG level. Moreover, we found that Lro1p activity was markedly decreased in cki1∆dpl1∆eki1∆, although transcription of LRO1 was not affected. Our findings imply that (i) TAG and PE syntheses in the yeast are tightly linked; and (ii) TAG formation by the PDAT Lro1p strongly depends on PE synthesis through the CDP-Etn pathway. Moreover, it is very likely that local availability of PE in microsomes is crucial for TAG synthesis through the Lro1p reaction. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Diglycerides - metabolism
Ethanolamine - metabolism
Gene Deletion -
Lactic Acid - metabolism
Lipid Metabolism - drug effects
Metabolic Networks and Pathways - genetics
Microsomes - drug effects
Mutation -
Phosphatidylethanolamines - metabolism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae - drug effects
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins - genetics
Triglycerides - metabolism

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Phosphatidylethanolamine
Triacylglycerol
Acyltransferase
CDP-ethanolamine
Yeast
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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