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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Rohde, E; Schallmoser, K; Reinisch, A; Hofmann, NA; Pfeifer, T; Fröhlich, E; Rechberger, G; Lanzer, G; Kratky, D; Strunk, D.
Pro-angiogenic induction of myeloid cells for therapeutic angiogenesis can induce mitogen-activated protein kinase p38-dependent foam cell formation.
Cytotherapy. 2011; 13(4):503-512 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Fröhlich Eleonore
Hofmann Nicole
Kratky Dagmar
Lanzer Gerhard
Pfeifer Thomas
Reinisch Andreas
Rohde Eva
Schallmoser Katharina
Strunk Dirk
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Number of Figures: 5
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Abstract:
Clinical trials for therapeutic angiogenesis use blood- or bone marrow-derived hematopoietic cells, endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) for vascular regeneration. Recently concerns have emerged that all three cell types could also contribute to atherosclerosis by foam cell formation. Therefore, we asked whether human myelomonocytic cells, EPC or MSC can accumulate lipid droplets (LD) and develop into foam cells. LD accumulation was quantified by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy and cholesterol measurement in each of the cell types. The impact of an initial pro-angiogenic induction on subsequent foam cell formation was studied to mimic relevant settings already used in clinical trials. The phosphorylation state of intracellular signaling molecules in response to the pro-angiogenic stimulation was determined to delineate the operative mechanisms and establish a basis for interventional strategies. Foam cells were formed by monocytes but not by EPC or MSC after pro-angiogenic induction. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38 phosphorylation was enhanced and kinase inhibition almost abrogated intracellular LD accumulation in monocytes. These data suggest that hematopoietic cell preparations containing monocytes bear the risk of foam cell formation after pro-angiogenic induction. Instead, EPC and MSC may drive vascular regeneration without atherogenesis aggravation. A thorough understanding of cell biology is necessary to develop new strategies combining pro-angiogenic and anti-atherogenic effects during cell therapy.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Cells, Cultured -
Flow Cytometry -
Foam Cells - cytology
Foam Cells - metabolism
Humans -
Microscopy, Confocal -
Myeloid Cells - cytology
Myeloid Cells - metabolism
Neovascularization, Physiologic - physiology
Stem Cells - cytology
Stem Cells - metabolism
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases - metabolism

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
atherogenesis
foam cell formation
mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibition
stem cell therapy
therapeutic angiogenesis
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