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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Trierweiler, C; Hockenjos, B; Zatloukal, K; Thimme, R; Blum, HE; Wagner, EF; Hasselblatt, P.
The transcription factor c-JUN/AP-1 promotes HBV-related liver tumorigenesis in mice.
Cell Death Differ. 2016; 23(4):576-582 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Zatloukal Kurt
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Abstract:
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops as a consequence of chronic inflammatory liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The transcription factor c-Jun/activator protein 1 (AP-1) is strongly expressed in response to inflammatory stimuli, promotes hepatocyte survival during acute hepatitis and acts as an oncogene during chemically induced liver carcinogenesis in mice. Here, we therefore aimed to characterize the functions of c-Jun during HBV-related liver tumorigenesis. To this end, transgenic mice expressing all HBV envelope proteins (HBV(+)), an established model of HBV-related HCC, were crossed with knockout mice lacking c-Jun specifically in hepatocytes and tumorigenesis was analyzed. Hepatic expression of c-Jun was strongly induced at several time points during tumorigenesis in HBV(+) mice, whereas expression of other AP-1 components remained unchanged. Importantly, formation of premalignant foci and tumors was strongly reduced in HBV(+) mice lacking c-Jun. This phenotype correlated with impaired hepatocyte proliferation and increased expression of the cell cycle inhibitor p21, whereas hepatocyte survival was not affected. Progression and prognosis of HBV-related HCC correlates with the expression of the cytokine osteopontin (Opn), an established AP-1 target gene. Opn expression was strongly reduced in HBV(+) livers and primary mouse hepatocytes lacking c-Jun, demonstrating that c-Jun regulates hepatic Opn expression in a cell-autonomous manner. These findings indicate that c-Jun has important functions during HBV-associated tumorigenesis by promoting hepatocyte proliferation as well as progression of dysplasia. Therefore, targeting c-Jun may be a useful strategy to prevent hepatitis-associated tumorigenesis.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular - genetics
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular - metabolism
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular - pathology
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular - virology
Cell Proliferation - genetics
Cell Transformation, Viral -
Hepatitis B virus - genetics
Hepatitis B virus - metabolism
Hepatocytes - metabolism
Hepatocytes - pathology
Hepatocytes - virology
Liver - metabolism
Liver - pathology
Liver - virology
Liver Neoplasms - genetics
Liver Neoplasms - metabolism
Liver Neoplasms - pathology
Liver Neoplasms - virology
Mice -
Mice, Transgenic -
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun - genetics
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun - metabolism
Transcription Factor AP-1 - genetics
Transcription Factor AP-1 - metabolism

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