Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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Gewählte Publikation:

Bonelli, RM; Kenner, L; Gruber, A; Reisecker, F; Költringer, P.
Compactotomy in Huntington's chorea.
Med Hypotheses. 2001; 57(4):491-496
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Bonelli Raphael M
Gruber Anna
Kenner Lukas
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Abstract:
Advances in neuroradiological and neurosurgical techniques have lead to a growing interest in functional neurosurgical interventions for medically intractable movement disorders. The majority of these procedures are performed in patients with hypokinetic movement disorders, especially Parkinson's disease. However, relatively few interventions were done in hyperkinetic disorders such as Huntington's disease (HD), mainly owing to the lack of an adequate target nucleus. We have recently described the case of a reversible chorea in a genetically confirmed HD patient. We subsequently identified a marked bilateral degeneration of the substantia nigra as the probable reason for choreatic cessation. We therefore suggest that primary striatal atrophy causing hyperkinesia and secondary substantia nigra atrophy favouring hypokinesia were balanced in this patient, thus resulting in a close-to-physiologic GABAergic basal ganglia output. We postulate that deep brain stimulation of the substantia nigra pars compacta may ameliorate hyperkinesia in choreatic movement disorders, thus representing the first effective therapy in Huntington's chorea. Several lines of evidence in recent neurophysiological research support our hypothesis and are discussed below.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Humans -
Huntington Disease - physiopathology
Substantia Nigra - physiopathology

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