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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Kos, MI; Feigl, G; Anderhuber, F; Wall, C; Fasel, JH; Guyot, JP.
Transcanal approach to the singular nerve.
OTOL NEUROTOL. 2006; 27(4): 542-546. [Oral Communication]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Anderhuber Friedrich
Feigl Georg
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Abstract:
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Intractable benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is rare, and surgery is indicated in only a very small number of cases. Transcanal singular neurectomy is considered a difficult and risky procedure possibly leading to hearing loss and vertigo. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the singular neurectomy through the external ear canal in an attempt to explain the contradictory results of previous reports of anatomists and of surgeons who abandoned the technique, considering that the singular neurectomy could not be reached via the external auditory canal without damaging the labyrinth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anatomical study on 100 halves of human heads in which the canal of the singular nerve (SN) was identified and opened at its extremities, the internal auditory canal and the ampulla of the posterior semicircular canal, via a posterior fossa approach. Next, the canal of the SN was dissected via the external auditory canal, at the floor of the round window (RW) niche. The relation of the SN canal to the ampulla of the posterior semicircular canal was evaluated. RESULTS: In 90 cases, the canal was transected medially to and away from the ampulla of the posterior semicircular canal, and in 8, at its emergence from the posterior ampullary recess. In these 98 cases, the RW membrane and the bony labyrinth were kept intact. In two cases, the canal of the SN could not be reached at the floor of the RW niche. CONCLUSION: Singular neurectomy is feasible via the external auditory canal, without damaging the RW membrane or the labyrinth in 98% of the cases. Because singular neurectomy is indicated in a very small number of cases, it is difficult to master this particular surgical procedure. This may explain why most surgeons abandoned the technique after a few attempts, followed by an unacceptable rate of sensorineural hearing loss.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Aged -
Aged, 80 and over -
Auditory Threshold -
Cadaver -
Denervation - adverse effects
Feasibility Studies - adverse effects
Female - adverse effects
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural - etiology
Humans - etiology
Male - etiology
Microsurgery - instrumentation
Middle Aged - instrumentation
Semicircular Ducts - innervation
Treatment Outcome - innervation
Vertigo - surgery
Vestibular Nerve - physiology

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
surgery for benign positional vertigo
singular neurectomy
vertigo
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