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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Zebisch, A; Staber, PB; Delavar, A; Bodner, C; Hiden, K; Fischereder, K; Janakiraman, M; Linkesch, W; Auner, HW; Emberger, W; Windpassinger, C; Schimek, MG; Hoefler, G; Troppmair, J; Sill, H.
Two transforming C-RAF germ-line mutations identified in patients with therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia.
Cancer Res. 2006; 66(7):3401-3408 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Bodner Claudia
Emberger Werner
Fischereder Katja
Hoefler Gerald
Lind Karin
Linkesch Werner
Schimek Michael G.
Sill Heinz
Staber Philipp Bernhard
Windpassinger Christian
Zebisch Armin
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Abstract:
Mutations leading to activation of the RAF-mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated (ERK) kinase (MEK)-ERK pathway are key events in the pathogenesis of human malignancies. In a screen of 82 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples, 45 (55%) showed activated ERK and thus were further analyzed for mutations in B-RAF and C-RAF. Two C-RAF germ-line mutations, S427G and I448V, were identified in patients with therapy-related AML in the absence of alterations in RAS and FLT3. Both exchanges were located within the kinase domain of C-RAF. In vitro and in vivo kinase assays revealed significantly increased activity for (S427G)C-RAF but not for (I448V)C-RAF. The involvement of the S427G C-RAF mutation in constitutive activation of ERK was further confirmed through demonstration of activating phosphorylations on C-RAF, MEK, and ERK in neoplastic cells, but not in nonneoplastic cells. Transformation and survival assays showed oncogenic and antiapoptotic properties for both mutations. Screening healthy individuals revealed a <1/400 frequency of these mutations and, in the case of I448V, inheritance was observed over three generations with another mutation carrier suffering from cancer. Taken together, these data are the first to relate C-RAF mutations to human malignancies. As both mutations are of germ-line origin, they might constitute a novel tumor-predisposing factor.
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