Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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Gewählte Publikation:

Jäger, G; Neumeister, P; Brezinschek, R; Hinterleitner, T; Fiebiger, W; Penz, M; Neumann, HJ; Mlineritsch, B; DeSantis, M; Quehenberger, F; Chott, A; Beham-Schmid, C; Höfler, G; Linkesch, W; Raderer, M.
Treatment of extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type with cladribine: a phase II study.
J Clin Oncol. 2002; 20(18):3872-3877 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Beham-Schmid Christine
Hinterleitner Thomas
Hoefler Gerald
Jäger Gerald
Linkesch Werner
Neumeister Peter
Quehenberger Franz
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Abstract:
As chemotherapy has not been extensively studied in patients with lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), we initiated a prospective study to evaluate the activity of the nucleoside analog cladribine (2-chlorodeoxyadenosine [2-CdA]) in this disease. Patients with histologically verified MALT-type lymphoma were enrolled. 2-CdA was administered at a dose of 0.12 mg/kg body weight on 5 consecutive days, as a 2-hour infusion. Cycles were repeated every 4 weeks for a maximum of six cycles. Nineteen patients with gastric and seven patients with extragastric MALT lymphoma were enrolled. All patients were chemotherapy-naive, and two had been locally irradiated before systemic relapse of the lymphoma. A total of 102 cycles was administered to our patients (median number of cycles per patient, four). All 25 assessable patients responded to treatment: 21 patients (84%) achieved complete remission (CR) and four patients achieved partial remission. All patients (100%) with gastric presentation, but only three patients (43%) with extragastric presentation, achieved CR. Toxicities were moderate and mainly hematologic and required dose reduction and/or premature discontinuation of therapy in only three cases. Two patients died from vascular events, one shortly after the first cycle because of myocardial infarction and the other from stroke 3 months after the second course. Three patients relapsed after 13, 18, and 22 months and one patient showed progressive disease after 15 months. At present, 24 patients are alive at a median follow-up time of 32 months. Our data demonstrate that 2-CdA is highly effective in inducing CR in 84% of patients with MALT-type lymphoma.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adult -
Aged -
Aged, 80 and over -
Antineoplastic Agents - adverse effects
Antineoplastic Agents - therapeutic use
B-Lymphocytes -
Cladribine - adverse effects
Cladribine - therapeutic use
Disease-Free Survival -
Female -
Follow-Up Studies -
Humans -
Lacrimal Apparatus - pathology
Liver - pathology
Lymphoid Tissue - drug effects
Lymphoid Tissue - pathology
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone - drug therapy
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone - pathology
Male -
Middle Aged -
Neoplasm Staging -
Parotid Gland - pathology
Prospective Studies -
Remission Induction -
Stomach Neoplasms - drug therapy
Stomach Neoplasms - pathology
Survival Rate -

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