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Gewählte Publikation:

Denk, H; Stumptner, C; Fuchsbichler, A; Zatloukal, K.
Alcoholic and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Histopathologic and pathogenetic considerations
Pathologe. 2001; 22(6):388-398
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Denk Helmut
Stumptner Cornelia
Zatloukal Kurt
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Abstract:
Alcoholic (ASH) and nonalcoholic (NASH) steatohepatitis show an almost identical morphology. Since the clinical picture is not characteristic, liver biopsy is still the diagnostic gold standard. ASH and NASH are morphologically characterized by a combination of steatosis, hepatocellular injury (ballooning degeneration, apoptosis, necrosis), perivenular and pericellular fibrosis, and inflammation (mostly neutrophils). A definitive differentiation of ASH and NASH is only possible by exclusion of alcohol abuse. Although NASH comprises a syndrome with a multifactorial etiology, adipositas seems to be the most constant associated causal factor. The pathogenesis of both diseases is still unclear. Clinical evidence and experimental studies suggest an important toxic role of reactive oxygen species (oxidative stress). According to our experience, ballooning of hepatocytes is a constant morphologic feature of ASH and NASH and already present in the early stages of disease. Ballooned cells often (but not always) contain Mallory bodies (alcoholic hyalin), which are irregular cytoplasmic inclusions consisting of keratins and nonkeratin components, including ubiquitin. Ballooning is associated with a disturbance and finally almost disappearance of the keratin-intermediate filament cytoskeleton. In our studies on the pathogenesis of ASH and NASH, we concentrated on these cytoskeletal alterations and Mallory body formation. It could be shown that in the early stages overexpression and hyperphosphorylation of keratins take place. Moreover, the 1:1 ratio of keratin type I (keratin 18) and type II (keratin 8) necessary for the assembly of intermediate filaments is disturbed and the equilibrium shifted toward keratin 8. Thus, the pool of soluble keratin 8 increases. The resulting keratin monomers are sensitive to misfolding and either degraded or aggregated as inclusion bodies. If the proteolytic capacity is impaired (e.g., by inhibition of the proteasomal system) in the chronically stressed cell aggregation prevails,finally leading to Mallory body formation. Convincing evidence exists on the basis of clinical and experimental studies that keratins exert a nonskeletal protective function in simple epithelia (e.g., liver cells). Disturbance of the keratin system may thus significantly contribute to cell damage.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Biopsy -
Fatty Liver - etiology
Fatty Liver, Alcoholic - pathology
Humans - pathology
Inclusion Bodies - pathology
Keratins - analysis
Liver - pathology

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
alcoholic hepatitis
nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
Mallory bodies
keratins
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