Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Hegen, H; Walde, J; Berek, K; Arrambide, G; Gnanapavan, S; Kaplan, B; Khalil, M; Saadeh, R; Teunissen, C; Tumani, H; Villar, LM; Willrich, MAV; Zetterberg, H; Deisenhammer, F.
Cerebrospinal fluid kappa free light chains for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Mult Scler. 2022; 13524585221134213 Doi: 10.1177/13524585221134213
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Khalil Michael

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BACKGROUND: Intrathecal immunoglobulin-G synthesis is a hallmark of multiple sclerosis (MS), which can be detected by oligoclonal IgG bands (OCB) or by κ-free light chains (κ-FLC) in cerebrospinal fluid. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate whether κ-FLC index has similar diagnostic value to identify patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) or MS compared to OCB, and to determine κ-FLC index cut-off. METHODS: PubMed was searched for studies that assessed diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of κ-FLC index and OCB to discriminate CIS/MS patients from control subjects. Two reviewers following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines performed study eligibility assessment and data extraction. Findings from studies were analyzed with bivariate mixed models. RESULTS: A total of 32 studies were included in the meta-analysis to evaluate diagnostic value of κ-FLC index. Sensitivity and specificity ranged from 52% to 100% (weighted average: 88%) and 69% to 100% (89%) for κ-FLC index and from 37% to 100% (85%) and 74% to 100% (92%) for OCB. Mean difference of sensitivity and specificity between κ-FLC index and OCB was 2 and -4 percentage points. Diagnostic accuracy determined by mixed models revealed no significant difference between κ-FLC index and OCB. A discriminatory cut-off for κ-FLC index was determined at 6.1. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that κ-FLC index has similar diagnostic accuracy in MS as OCB.

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