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Pichler, W; Tesch, NP; Grechenig, W; Tanzer, K; Grasslober, M.
Anatomical variations of the flexor hallucis longus muscle and the consequences for tendon transfer. A cadaver study.
Surg Radiol Anat. 2005; 27(3):227-231
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG


Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Grasslober Michael
Grechenig Wolfgang
Pichler Wolfgang
Tanzer Karin
Tesch Norbert

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:
The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of anatomical variations of the musculotendinous junction of the flexor hallucis longus muscle. Eighty cadaver specimens preserved according to Thiel's method were assessed. Following careful dissection, the distance between the musculotendinous junction and the bone-cartilage border of the distal tibia was determined. Three typical anatomical variations were found: (1) a long lateral and shorter medial muscle belly; (2) equal-length medial and lateral muscle bellies; (3) a long medial and shorter lateral muscle belly. As a special variation in two cases only one lateral muscle belly was found. When planning a flexor hallucis longus transfer, preoperative magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) should be carried out in order to guarantee sufficient coverage of an existing soft tissue defect. These anatomical characteristics have also to be considered when interpreting ultrasonic or MRT findings in this region.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Aged -
Aged, 80 and over -
Cadaver -
Dissection -
Female -
Humans -
Lower Extremity - anatomy and histology
Male - anatomy and histology
Middle Aged - anatomy and histology
Muscle, Skeletal - anatomy and histology
Tendon Transfer - anatomy and histology

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
flexor hallucis longus
musculotendinous junction
anatomical variations
flexor hallucis longus transfer
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