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Reiter, C; Reiter, U; Kräuter, C; Nizhnikava, V; Greiser, A; Scherr, D; Schmidt, A; Fuchsjäger, M; Reiter, G.
Differences in left ventricular and left atrial function assessed during breath-holding and breathing.
Eur J Radiol. 2021; 141:109756 Doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2021.109756 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Reiter Clemens
Reiter Ursula
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Fuchsjäger Michael
Kräuter Corina
Reiter Gert
Scherr Daniel
Schmidt Albrecht

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PURPOSE: To analyze differences in systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) as well as left atrial (LA) function parameters obtained from identical cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques during inspiratory breath-holding and breathing (breath-hold to breathing differences). METHOD: 56 subjects without signs of heart failure (23/33 male/female, age 58 ± 14 years) underwent 3 T MR cine real-time and transmitral phase contrast imaging with the same spatial and temporal resolution during inspiratory breath-holding and free breathing. LV and LA volumetric function parameters were derived from segmentation of cine series, transmitral peak velocities and early-diastolic myocardial peak velocity from phase contrast series. Corresponding breath-hold and breathing parameters were compared by Bland-Altman analysis; repeatability of breath-hold and breathing measurements was quantified by variance component analysis. p < 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. RESULTS: Mean differences between results obtained during inspiratory breath-holding vs. breathing were significant for LV volumetric function (end-diastolic volume=-7 mL, p = 0.002; end-systolic volume=-7 mL, p < 0.001; ejection fraction = 3 %, p < 0.001; peak ejection rate = 22 mL/s, p = 0.002; early-diastolic peak filling rate=-34 mL/s, p = 0.025), LA volumetric function (maximum volume=-6 mL, p < 0.001; total ejection fraction=-4%, p < 0.001; active ejection fraction=-2%, p = 0.013; before contraction ejection fraction=-4%, p < 0.001) and early-diastolic velocities (transmitral=-6 cm/s, p < 0.001; tissue velocity=-1.8 cm/s, p < 0.001). Standard deviations of breath-hold-to-breathing differences exceeded the corresponding repeatabilities of breath-hold and breathing measurements. CONCLUSIONS: Systolic and diastolic LV and LA function parameters acquired during inspiratory breath-holding and breathing differ, and large inter-individual breath-hold-to-breathing variations are possible. Thus, the breathing state should be taken into account, especially when comparing results in patient follow-up acquired in different respiratory states.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adult - administration & dosage
Aged - administration & dosage
Atrial Function, Left - administration & dosage
Female - administration & dosage
Heart Ventricles - diagnostic imaging
Humans - administration & dosage
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted - administration & dosage
Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine - administration & dosage
Male - administration & dosage
Middle Aged - administration & dosage
Reproducibility of Results - administration & dosage
Stroke Volume - administration & dosage
Ventricular Function, Left - administration & dosage

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Magnetic resonance imaging
Ventricular function
Breath holding
Atrial function
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