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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Fitzal, F; Filipits, M; Fesl, C; Rudas, M; Greil, R; Balic, M; Moinfar, F; Herz, W; Dubsky, P; Bartsch, R; Ferree, S; Schaper, C; Gnant, M; Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group (ABCSG).
PAM-50 predicts local recurrence after breast cancer surgery in postmenopausal patients with ER+/HER2- disease: results from 1204 patients in the randomized ABCSG-8 trial.
Br J Surg. 2021; 108(3): 308-314. Doi: 10.1093/bjs/znaa089 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Balic Marija
Moinfar Farid

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The aim of this study was to investigate whether the PAM-50-based 46-gene assay carries prognostic value for risk of local recurrence of breast cancer. The Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group (ABCSG) 8 RCT compared 5 years of tamoxifen with tamoxifen for 2 years followed by anastrozole for 3 years in postmenopausal women with endocrine receptor-positive breast cancer. This study included patients from the trial who had breast-conserving surgery for whom tumour blocks were available for PAM-50 analysis. Tumour blocks from 1204 patients who had breast-conserving surgery were available for the PAM-50 analysis, and 1034 of these received radiotherapy. After a median follow-up of 10.8 years, 23 local events had been observed, corresponding to an overall local recurrence risk of 2.2 per cent. Univariable competing-risk analysis demonstrated that patients at low risk according to PAM-50 analysis (risk-of-recurrence (ROR) score less than 57) had a significantly lower incidence of local recurrence than those in the high-risk group at 5 years (0.1 (95 per cent c.i. 0 to 0.7) versus 2.2 (0.9 to 4.6) per cent respectively; subhazard ratio (SHR) 17.18, 95 per cent c.i. 2.06 to 142.88; P = 0.009) and 10 years (0.9 (0.4 to 2.0) versus 3.8 (1.9 to 6.6) per cent; SHR 4.76, 1.72 to 13.17; P = 0.003). Multivariable analyses that included ROR score, age, tumour size, nodal status, type of surgery, tumor grade, and trial-specific endocrine therapy confirmed that ROR score was an independent prognostic factor for risk of local recurrence. Analysis of the women randomized to radiotherapy or control after breast conservation showed that PAM-50 was not predictive of radiotherapy effect. PAM-50 can be used as a prognostic tool for local recurrence risk in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer treated with endocrine therapy. The test was not predictive for the benefit of radiotherapy. © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of BJS Society Ltd.

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