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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Brčić, I; Godschachner, TM; Bergovec, M; Igrec, J; Till, H; Lackner, H; Scheipl, S; Kashofer, K; Brodowicz, T; Leithner, A; Szkandera, J; Liegl-Atzwanger, B.
Broadening the spectrum of NTRK rearranged mesenchymal tumors and usefulness of pan-TRK immunohistochemistry for identification of NTRK fusions.
Mod Pathol. 2020; 9(8): [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Bergovec Marko
Brcic Iva
Godschachner Theresa Marie
Igrec Jasminka
Kashofer Karl
Lackner Herwig
Leithner Andreas
Liegl-Atzwanger Bernadette
Scheipl Susanne
Szkandera Joanna
Till Holger
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Abstract:
Fusions involving NTRK1, NTRK2, and NTRK3 are oncogenic drivers occurring in a spectrum of mesenchymal neoplasms ranging from benign to highly malignant tumors. To gain further insights into the staining profile with the pan-TRK assay, we analyzed a large number of soft tissue sarcomas and correlated our findings with molecular testing. Additionally, we expand the spectrum of NTRK-fusion tumors by reporting a mesenchymal lesion in the lung as well as a mesenchymal skin lesion in the spectrum of benign fibrous histiocytoma with NTRK-fusion. We retrospectively reviewed soft tissue sarcomas diagnosed at the Diagnostic and Research Institute of Pathology, Medical University of Graz, between 1999 and 2019, and cases from the consultation files of one of the authors (BLA). In total, 494 cases were analyzed immunohistochemically with pan-TRK antibody (clone EPR17341, RTU, Roche/Ventana) and positive cases (defined as any cytoplasmic/nuclear staining in more than 1% of tumor cells) underwent next-generation sequencing (NGS). Immunohistochemical staining was observed in 16 (3.2%) cases. Eleven cases with focal weak and moderate cytoplasmic/membranous or focal moderate to strong nuclear staining did not harbor an NTRK-fusion (three synovial sarcomas, three leiomyosarcomas, two extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas, and one each: dedifferentiated liposarcoma, pleomorphic liposarcoma, and myxofibrosarcoma). Four cases showed strong diffuse nuclear and/or cytoplasmatic staining, and one case showed diffuse, but weak cytoplasmic staining. All these cases demonstrated an NTRK-fusion (LMNA-NTRK1, IRF2BP2-NTRK1, TMB3-NTRK1, ETV6-NTRK3, RBPMS-NTRK3). Pan-TRK assay (clone EPR17341, RTU, Roche, Ventana) immunohistochemistry serves as a reliable diagnostic marker that can also be expressed in non-NTRK-rearranged mesenchymal neoplasms. It can be used as a surrogate marker for identification of NTRK fusion, nevertheless, an RNA-based NGS for detection of the specific fusion should be performed to confirm the rearrangement, if patients are undergoing targeted therapy. Additionally, we identified NTRK-fusion-positive, primary mesenchymal tumors of the lung and the skin.

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