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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Timar, J; Kashofer, K.
Molecular epidemiology and diagnostics of KRAS mutations in human cancer
CANCER METAST REV. 2020;
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Kashofer Karl
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Abstract:
RAS mutation is the most frequent oncogenic alteration in human cancers. KRAS is the most frequently mutated followed by NRAS. The emblematic KRAS mutant cancers are pancreatic, colorectal, lung adenocarcinomas and urogenital cancers. KRAS mutation frequencies are relatively stable worldwide in various cancer types with the one exception of lung adenocarcinoma. The frequencies of KRAS variant alleles appears cancer type specific, reflecting the various carcinogenic processes. In addition to point mutation KRAS, allelic imbalances are also frequent in human cancers leading to the predominance of a mutant allele. KRAS mutant cancers are characterized by typical, cancer-type-specific co-occurring mutations and distinct gene expression signatures. The heterogeneity of KRAS mutant primary cancers is significant, affecting the variant allele frequency, which could lead to unpredictable branching development in metastases. Selection of minute mutant subclones in the primary tumors or metastases during target therapies can also occur frequently in lung or colorectal cancers leading to acquired resistance. Ultrahigh sensitivity techniques are now routinely available for diagnostic purposes, but the proper determination of mutant allele frequency of KRAS in the primary or metastatic tissues may have larger clinical significance.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
KRAS mutation
Human cancer
Epidemiology
Tumor progression
Diagnostics
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