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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Daga, S; Rosenberger, A; Kashofer, K; Heitzer, E; Quehenberger, F; Halbwedl, I; Graf, R; Krisper, N; Prietl, B; Höfler, G; Reinisch, A; Zebisch, A; Sill, H; Wölfler, A.
Sensitive and broadly applicable residual disease detection in acute myeloid leukemia using flow cytometry-based leukemic cell enrichment followed by mutational profiling.
Am J Hematol. 2020;
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Daga Shruti
Graf Ricarda
Halbwedl Iris
Heitzer Ellen
Hoefler Gerald
Kashofer Karl
Krisper Nina
Prietl Barbara
Quehenberger Franz
Reinisch Andreas
Rosenberger Angelika
Sill Heinz
Wölfler Albert
Zebisch Armin
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Abstract:
Persistent measurable residual disease (MRD) is an increasingly important prognostic marker in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Currently, MRD is determined by multi-parameter flow cytometry (MFC) or PCR-based methods detecting leukemia-specific fusion transcripts and mutations. However, while MFC is highly operator-dependent and difficult to standardize, PCR-based methods are only available for a minority of AML patients. Here we describe a novel, highly sensitive and broadly applicable method for MRD detection by combining MFC-based leukemic cell enrichment using an optimized combinatorial antibody panel targeting CLL-1, TIM-3, CD123 and CD117 followed by mutational analysis of recurrently mutated genes in AML. In dilution experiments this method showed a sensitivity of 10-4 to 10-5 for residual disease detection. In prospectively collected remission samples this marker combination allowed for a median 67-fold cell enrichment with sufficient DNA quality for mutational analysis using next generation sequencing (NGS) or digital PCR in 39 out of 41 patients. Twenty-one samples (53.8%) tested MRD positive, whereas 18 (46.2%) were negative. With a median follow-up of 559 days 71.4% of MRD positive (15/21) and 27.8% (5/18) of MRD negative patients relapsed (p=0.0065). The cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) was higher for MRD positive patients (5-year CIR: 90.5% vs 28%, p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, MRD positivity was a prominent factor for CIR. Thus, MFC-based leukemic cell enrichment using antibodies against CLL-1, TIM-3, CD123 and CD117 followed by mutational analysis allows high sensitive MRD detection and is informative on relapse risk in the majority of AML patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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