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Pinter, D; Beckmann, CF; Fazekas, F; Khalil, M; Pichler, A; Gattringer, T; Ropele, S; Fuchs, S; Enzinger, C.
Morphological MRI phenotypes of multiple sclerosis differ in resting-state brain function.
Sci Rep. 2019; 9(1):16221-16221 Doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-52757-7 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Enzinger Christian
Pinter Daniela Theresia
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Fazekas Franz
Fuchs Siegrid
Gattringer Thomas
Khalil Michael
Pichler Alexander
Ropele Stefan

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We aimed to assess differences in resting-state functional connectivity (FC) between distinct morphological MRI-phenotypes in multiple sclerosis (MS). Out of 180 MS patients, we identified those with high T2-hyperintense lesion load (T2-LL) and high normalized brain volume (NBV; a predominately white matter damage group, WMD; N = 37) and patients with low T2-LL and low NBV (N = 37; a predominately grey matter damage group; GMD). Independent component analysis of resting-state fMRI was used to test for differences in the sensorimotor network (SMN) between MS MRI-phenotypes and compared to 37 age-matched healthy controls (HC). The two MS groups did not differ regarding EDSS scores, disease duration and distribution of clinical phenotypes. WMD compared to GMD patients showed increased FC in all sub-units of the SMN (sex- and age-corrected). WMD patients had increased FC compared to HC and GMD patients in the central SMN (leg area). Only in the WMD group, higher EDSS scores and T2-LL correlated with decreased connectivity in SMN sub-units. MS patients with distinct morphological MRI-phenotypes also differ in brain function. The amount of focal white matter pathology but not global brain atrophy affects connectivity in the central SMN (leg area) of the SMN, consistent with the notion of a disconnection syndrome.

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