Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Gattringer, T; Posekany, A; Niederkorn, K; Knoflach, M; Poltrum, B; Mutzenbach, S; Haring, HP; Ferrari, J; Lang, W; Willeit, J; Kiechl, S; Enzinger, C; Fazekas, F; Austrian Stroke Unit Registry Collaborators.
Predicting Early Mortality of Acute Ischemic Stroke.
Stroke. 2019; 50(2):349-356 Doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.022863 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG


Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Fazekas Franz
Gattringer Thomas
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Enzinger Christian
Niederkorn Kurt
Poltrum Birgit

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Background and Purpose- Several risk factors are known to increase mid- and long-term mortality of ischemic stroke patients. Information on predictors of early stroke mortality is scarce but often requested in clinical practice. We therefore aimed to develop a rapidly applicable tool for predicting early mortality at the stroke unit. Methods- We used data from the nationwide Austrian Stroke Unit Registry and multivariate regularized logistic regression analysis to identify demographic and clinical variables associated with early (≤7 days poststroke) mortality of patients admitted with ischemic stroke. These variables were then used to develop the Predicting Early Mortality of Ischemic Stroke score that was validated both by bootstrapping and temporal validation. Results- In total, 77 653 ischemic stroke patients were included in the analysis (median age: 74 years, 47% women). The mortality rate at the stroke unit was 2% and median stay of deceased patients was 3 days. Age, stroke severity measured by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, prestroke functional disability (modified Rankin Scale >0), preexisting heart disease, diabetes mellitus, posterior circulation stroke syndrome, and nonlacunar stroke cause were associated with mortality and served to build the Predicting Early Mortality of Ischemic Stroke score ranging from 0 to 12 points. The area under the curve of the score was 0.879 (95% CI, 0.871-0.886) in the derivation cohort and 0.884 (95% CI, 0.863-0.905) in the validation sample. Patients with a score ≥10 had a 35% (95% CI, 28%-43%) risk to die within the first days at the stroke unit. Conclusions- We developed a simple score to estimate early mortality of ischemic stroke patients treated at a stroke unit. This score could help clinicians in short-term prognostication for management decisions and counseling.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
brain ischemia
heart diseases
risk factors
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