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Jud, P; Hafner, F; Verheyen, N; Meinitzer, A; Gary, T; Brodmann, M; Seinost, G; Hackl, G.
Homoarginine/ADMA ratio and homoarginine/SDMA ratio as independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular events in lower extremity arterial disease.
Sci Rep. 2018; 8(1):14197-14197 Doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-32607-8 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Jud Philipp
Verheyen Nicolas Dominik
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Brodmann Marianne
Gary Thomas
Hackl Gerald
Hafner Franz
Meinitzer Andreas
Seinost Gerald

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Endothelial dysfunction plays a key role in development of atherosclerosis and lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD). Homoarginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) are sensitive markers for endothelial dysfunction and independent risk factors for cardiovascular death. However, homoarginine may influence the proatherogenic effects of ADMA and SDMA suggesting homoarginine/ADMA ratio or homoarginine/SDMA ratio as further predictors for cardiovascular mortality. Therefore, we investigated the predictive value of homoarginine/ADMA ratio and homoarginine/SDMA ratio related to cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular events in claudicant patients with LEAD. 151 patients with intermittent claudication were included in a prospective observational study (observation time 7.7 ± 2.5 years) with cardiovascular mortality as main outcome parameter and the occurrence of cardiovascular events as secondary outcome parameter. Homoarginine, ADMA and SDMA were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography at baseline. Low homoarginine/ADMA ratio and homoarginine/SDMA ratio were independently associated with higher cardiovascular mortality (HR 2.803 [95% CI 1.178-6.674], p = 0.020; HR 2.782 [95% CI 1.061-7.290], p = 0.037, respectively) and higher incidence of cardiovascular events (HR 1.938 [95% CI 1.015-3.700], p = 0.045; HR 2.397 [95% CI 1.243-4.623], p = 0.009, respectively). We observed that homoarginine/ADMA ratio and homoarginine/SDMA ratio are independent predictors for long-term cardiovascular mortality and events in claudicant patients with LEAD.

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