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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Buder, A; Hochmair, MJ; Schwab, S; Bundalo, T; Schenk, P; Errhalt, P; Mikes, RE; Absenger, G; Patocka, K; Baumgartner, B; Setinek, U; Burghuber, OC; Prosch, H; Pirker, R; Filipits, M.
Cell-Free Plasma DNA-Guided Treatment With Osimertinib in Patients With Advanced EGFR-Mutated NSCLC.
J Thorac Oncol. 2018; 13(6):821-830 Doi: 10.1016/j.jtho.2018.02.014 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Absenger Gudrun

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Osimertinib is standard treatment for patients with advanced EGFR T790M-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer who have been pre-treated with EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). We studied whether cell-free plasma DNA for T790M detection can be used to select patients for osimertinib treatment in the clinical routine. From April 2015 to November 2016, we included 119 patients with advanced EGFR-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer who had progressed under treatment with an EGFR-TKI. The T790M mutation status was assessed in cell-free plasma DNA by droplet digital polymerase chain reaction in all patients and by tissue analyses in selected patients. T790M mutations were detected in 85 (93%) patients by analyses of cell-free plasma DNA and in 6 (7%) plasma-negative patients by tumor re-biopsy. Eighty-nine of 91 T790M-positive patients received osimertinib. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 10.1 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.1-12.1). Median survival was not reached and the 1-year survival was 64%. The response rate was 70% in T790M-positive patients (n = 91) in the intention-to-treat population. PFS trended to be shorter in patients with high T790M copy number (≥10 copies/mL) compared to those with low T790M copy number (<10 copies/mL) (hazard ratio for PFS = 1.72, 95% CI: 0.92-3.2, p = 0.09). A comparable trend was observed for overall survival (hazard ratio for overall survival = 2.16, 95% CI: 0.89-5.25, p = 0.09). No difference in response rate was observed based on T790M copy numbers. Plasma genotyping using digital polymerase chain reaction is clinically useful for the selection of patients who had progressed during first-line EGFR-TKI therapy for treatment with osimertinib. Copyright © 2018 International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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