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Pyxaras, SA; Adriaenssens, T; Barbato, E; Ughi, GJ; Di Serafino, L; De Vroey, F; Toth, G; Tu, S; Reiber, JHC; Bax, JJ; Wijns, W.
In-stent fractional flow reserve variations and related optical coherence tomography findings: the FFR-OCT co-registration study.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018; 34(4):495-502 Doi: 10.1007/s10554-017-1262-4
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Toth-Gayor Gabor

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We sought to assess in-stent variations in fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and to associate any drop in FFR with findings by optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Suboptimal post-PCI FFR values were previously associated with poor outcomes. It is not known to which extent in-stent pressure loss contributes to reduced FFR. In this single-arm observational study, 26 patients who previously underwent PCI with drug-eluting stent or scaffold implantation were enrolled. Motorized FFR pullback during continuous intravenous adenosine infusion and OCT assessments was performed. Post-PCI FFR < 0.94 was defined as suboptimal. At a median of 63 days after PCI (interquartile range: 59-64 days), 18 out of 26 patients (72%) had suboptimal FFR. The in-stent drop in FFR was significantly higher in patients with suboptimal FFR vs. patients with optimal FFR (0.08 ± 0.07 vs. 0.01 ± 0.02, p < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that an in-stent FFR variation of > 0.03 was associated with suboptimal FFR. In patients with suboptimal FFR, the OCT analyses revealed higher mean neointimal area (respectively: 1.06 ± 0.80 vs. 0.51 ± 0.23 mm2; p = 0.018) and higher neointimal thickness of covered struts (respectively 0.11 ± 0.07 vs. 0.06 ± 0.01 mm; p = 0.021). Suboptimal FFR values following stent-implantation are mainly caused by significant in-stent pressure loss during hyperemia. This finding is associated to a larger neointimal proliferation.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Absorbable Implants -
Adenosine - administration & dosage
Adult -
Aged -
Cardiac Catheterization -
Coronary Artery Disease - diagnostic imaging
Coronary Artery Disease - physiopathology
Coronary Artery Disease - therapy
Coronary Vessels - diagnostic imaging
Coronary Vessels - physiopathology
Drug-Eluting Stents -
Female -
Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial -
Hemodynamics -
Humans -
Hyperemia - diagnostic imaging
Hyperemia - physiopathology
Hyperplasia -
Infusions, Intravenous -
Male -
Middle Aged -
Neointima -
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - adverse effects
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - instrumentation
Predictive Value of Tests -
Time Factors -
Tomography, Optical Coherence -
Treatment Outcome -
Vasodilator Agents - administration & dosage

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Fractional flow reserve
Optical coherence tomography
Stable coronary artery disease
Percutaneous coronary intervention
Drug-eluting stent
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