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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Reiter, U; Reiter, G; Manninger, M; Adelsmayr, G; Schipke, J; Alogna, A; Rajces, A; Stalder, AF; Greiser, A; Mühlfeld, C; Scherr, D; Post, H; Pieske, B; Fuchsjäger, M.
Early-stage heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in the pig: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2016; 18(1):63 Doi: 10.1186/s12968-016-0283-9 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Reiter Gert
Reiter Ursula
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Adelsmayr Gabriel
Alogna Alessio
Fuchsjäger Michael
Manninger-Wünscher Martin
Pieske Burkert Mathias
Post Heiner
Scherr Daniel

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BACKGROUND: The hypertensive deoxy-corticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-treated pig (hereafter, DOCA pig) was recently introduced as large animal model for early-stage heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The aim of the present study was to evaluate cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) of DOCA pigs and weight-matched control pigs to characterize ventricular, atrial and myocardial structure and function of this phenotype model. METHODS: Five anesthetized DOCA and seven control pigs underwent 3 T CMR at rest and during dobutamine stress. Left ventricular/atrial (LV/LA) function and myocardial mass (LVMM), strains and torsion were evaluated from (tagged) cine imaging. 4D phase-contrast measurements were used to assess blood flow and peak velocities, including transmitral early-diastolic (E) and myocardial tissue (E') velocities and coronary sinus blood flow. Myocardial perfusion reserve was estimated from stress-to-rest time-averaged coronary sinus flow. Global native myocardial T1 times were derived from prototype modified Look-Locker inversion-recovery (MOLLI) short-axis T1 maps. After in-vivo measurements, transmural biopsies were collected for stereological evaluation including the volume fractions of interstitium (VV(int/LV)) and collagen (VV(coll/LV)). Rest, stress, and stress-to-rest differences of cardiac and myocardial parameters in DOCA and control animals were compared by t-test. RESULTS: In DOCA pigs LVMM (p < 0.001) and LV wall-thickness (end-systole/end-diastole, p = 0.003/p = 0.007) were elevated. During stress, increase of LV ejection-fraction and decrease of end-systolic volume accounted for normal contractility reserves in DOCA and control pigs. Rest-to-stress differences of cardiac index (p = 0.040) and end-diastolic volume (p = 0.042) were documented. Maximal (p = 0.042) and minimal (p = 0.012) LA volumes in DOCA pigs were elevated at rest; total LA ejection-fraction decreased during stress (p = 0.006). E' was lower in DOCA pigs, corresponding to higher E/E' at rest (p = 0.013) and stress (p = 0.026). Myocardial perfusion reserve was reduced in DOCA pigs (p = 0.031). T1-times and VV(int/LV) did not differ between groups, whereas VV(coll/LV) levels were higher in DOCA pigs (p = 0.044). CONCLUSIONS: LA enlargement, E' and E/E' were the markers that showed the most pronounced differences between DOCA and control pigs at rest. Inadequate increase of myocardial perfusion reserve during stress might represent a metrics for early-stage HFpEF. Myocardial T1 mapping could not detect elevated levels of myocardial collagen in this model. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was approved by the local Bioethics Committee of Vienna, Austria (BMWF-66.010/0091-II/3b/2013).

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Diastolic dysfunction
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
Dobutamine stress
Porcine model
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