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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Pichler, M; Stiegelbauer, V; Vychytilova-Faltejskova, P; Ivan, C; Ling, H; Winter, E; Zhang, X; Goblirsch, M; Wulf-Goldenberg, A; Ohtsuka, M; Haybaeck, J; Svoboda, M; Okugawa, Y; Gerger, A; Hoefler, G; Goel, A; Slaby, O; Calin, GA.
Genome-Wide miRNA Analysis Identifies miR-188-3p as a Novel Prognostic Marker and Molecular Factor Involved in Colorectal Carcinogenesis.
Clin Cancer Res. 2017; 23(5):1323-1333 Doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-16-0497 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Pichler Martin
Stiegelbauer Verena
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Gerger Armin
Haybäck Johannes
Höfler Gerald
Winter Elke

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Purpose: Characterization of colorectal cancer transcriptome by high-throughput techniques has enabled the discovery of several differentially expressed genes involving previously unreported miRNA abnormalities. Here, we followed a systematic approach on a global scale to identify miRNAs as clinical outcome predictors and further validated them in the clinical and experimental setting.Experimental Design: Genome-wide miRNA sequencing data of 228 colorectal cancer patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset were analyzed as a screening cohort to identify miRNAs significantly associated with survival according to stringent prespecified criteria. A panel of six miRNAs was further validated for their prognostic utility in a large independent validation cohort (n = 332). In situ hybridization and functional experiments in a panel of colorectal cancer cell lines and xenografts further clarified the role of clinical relevant miRNAs.Results: Six miRNAs (miR-92b-3p, miR-188-3p, miR-221-5p, miR-331-3p, miR-425-3p, and miR-497-5p) were identified as strong predictors of survival in the screening cohort. High miR-188-3p expression proves to be an independent prognostic factor [screening cohort: HR = 4.137; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.568-10.917; P = 0.004; validation cohort: HR = 1.538; 95% CI, 1.107-2.137; P = 0.010, respectively]. Forced miR-188-3p expression increased migratory behavior of colorectal cancer cells in vitro and metastases formation in vivo (P < 0.05). The promigratory role of miR-188-3p is mediated by direct interaction with MLLT4, a novel identified player involved in colorectal cancer cell migration.Conclusions: miR-188-3p is a novel independent prognostic factor in colorectal cancer patients, which can be partly explained by its effect on MLLT4 expression and migration of cancer cells. Clin Cancer Res; 23(5); 1323-33. ©2016 AACR. ©2016 American Association for Cancer Research.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Biomarkers, Tumor - genetics
Carcinogenesis - genetics
Colorectal Neoplasms - genetics
Colorectal Neoplasms - pathology
Female -
Genome, Human -
HCT116 Cells -
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing -
Humans -
Kinesin - genetics
Male -
Mice -
MicroRNAs - genetics
MicroRNAs - isolation & purification
Myosins - genetics
Prognosis -
Transcriptome - genetics
Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays -

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