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Rocca, MA; Valsasina, P; Hulst, HE; Abdel-Aziz, K; Enzinger, C; Gallo, A; Pareto, D; Riccitelli, G; Muhlert, N; Ciccarelli, O; Barkhof, F; Fazekas, F; Tedeschi, G; Arévalo, MJ; Filippi, M; MAGNIMS fMRI Study Group.
Functional correlates of cognitive dysfunction in multiple sclerosis: A multicenter fMRI Study.
Hum Brain Mapp. 2014; 35(12):5799-5814 Doi: 10.1002/hbm.22586 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Enzinger Christian
Fazekas Franz

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In this multicenter study, we applied functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to define the functional correlates of cognitive dysfunction in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). fMRI scans during the performance of the N-back task were acquired from 42 right-handed relapsing remitting (RR) MS patients and 52 sex-matched right-handed healthy controls, studied at six European sites using 3.0 Tesla scanners. Patients with at least two abnormal (<2 standard deviations from the normative values) neuropsychological tests at a standardized evaluation were considered cognitively impaired (CI). FMRI data were analyzed using the SPM8 software, modeling regions showing load-dependent activations/deactivations with increasing task difficulty. Twenty (47%) MS patients were CI. During the N-back load condition, compared to controls and CI patients, cognitively preserved (CP) patients had increased recruitment of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. As a function of increasing task difficulty, CI MS patients had reduced activations of several areas located in the fronto-parieto-temporal lobes as well as reduced deactivations of regions which are part of the default mode network compared to the other two groups. Significant correlations were found between abnormal fMRI patterns of activations and deactivations and behavioral measures, cognitive performance, and brain T2 and T1 lesion volumes. This multicenter study supports the theory that a preserved fMRI activity of the frontal lobe is associated with a better cognitive profile in MS patients. It also indicates the feasibility of fMRI to monitor disease evolution and treatment effects in future studies. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adult -
Brain - physiopathology
Brain Mapping -
Cognition Disorders - physiopathology
Female -
Humans -
Magnetic Resonance Imaging -
Male -
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting - physiopathology
Neuropsychological Tests -
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
multiple sclerosis
cognitive impairment
prefrontal cortex
default mode network
functional reserve
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