Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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Gewählte Publikation:

Sippola-Puster, E.
Mangelernährung bei erwachsenen Patientinnen und Patienten in österreichischen Krankenhäusern.
[ Diplomarbeit/Master Thesis ] Graz Medical University; 2010. pp. 92 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
BetreuerInnen:
Lohrmann Christa
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Abstract:
Malnutrition in Austrian hospitals has seldom been in focus of research till the prevalence measurement of care problems in April 2009. For the first time, data about care problems pressure ulcers, incontinence, malnutrition, falls and physical restraints was gathered and analyzed. The aim of this masters thesis is to present and describe the prevalence of malnutrition in Austrian hospitals with the data gathered by the prevalence measurement. This paper also aims to clear, if there is any difference in the prevalence of malnutrition regarding the factors age, sex, disease and medical specialty. Altogether 1651 adult patients from 11 university and general hospitals participated in the prevalence measurement. The prevalence of malnutrition is 27,6 %, that means every fourth patient, who participated in this prevalence measurement is malnourished. The international literature shows prevalence rates between 15 % and 60 % concerning malnutrition in hospitals. The result of this present masters thesis is so about in the middle of the variation range. The prevalence for the risk of malnutrition is 50,6 % and this means that half of the subjects are at risk to become malnourished. Based on the results of this masters thesis it looks like there are significant differences in the prevalence of malnutrition regarding age, disease and medical specialty. On the contrary to that it seems that there is no difference in the prevalence of malnutrition regarding sex. The prevalence of malnutrition is highest among patients who are 80 89,9 years old, and by diseases like cancer, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, diseases of respiratory system and mental -health problems. Malnutrition is more common on internal medicine wards than on surgical wards. The nutritional status of each patient should be evaluated with suitable instruments and if necessary, patients should receive suitable treatment. The data from this first prevalence measurement makes it clear, that malnutrition is a topic in Austrian hospitals

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