Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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Gewählte Publikation:

Schoberer, D.
Prävalenz und Inkontinenz in österreichischen Krankenhäusern und Pflegeheimen. Ein Tabu wird thematisiert
[ Diplomarbeit/Master Thesis ] Graz Medical University; 2009. pp.54. [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Schoberer Daniela
BetreuerInnen:
Lohrmann Christa
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Abstract:
Introduction: Knowledge of relevant care problems is a basic requirement for a high quality and patient orientated care. Up to now there exists no comprehensive data about the care problem incontinence in Austrian hospitals and nursing homes. This studies aim is to present the prevalence as well as the current nursing practice in Austrian hospitals and care homes concerning the nursing phenomena of incontinence. Methods: Within the framework of a multicenter cross-sectional study of care problems data of the prevalence of urinary and faecal incontinence will be collected as well as interventions with standardized questionnaires within the participating Austrian hospital and nursing home population. Results: Eleven hospitals and six nursing homes with 2342 persons participated in the survey. Three-fourths of the 691 nursing home residents are afflicted with urinary incontinence and more than 60 percent suffer from faecal incontinence. On the contrary in the participating hospitals less than 20 percent suffer from urinary and faecal incontinence respectively. The type of urinary incontinence is more frequently diagnosed in participating hospitals, within 35 percent, than in participating nursing homes. The difference is statistical significant. Disposable pads were used most often to deal with urinary incontinence. Discussion: Using epidemiologic data, for the first time, this study demonstrates that the care problems urinary and faecal incontinence are widely spread in Austrian hospitals and nursing homes. The prevalence of urinary incontinence is equivalent to the prevalence in American and European nursing homes and hospitals. The type of urinary incontinence is rarely diagnosed. But this is the precondition for selective nursing care services. Training for nursing professionals dealing with urinary and faecal incontinence will be contributed to a goal- and diagnostic orientated treatment of persons concerned. In addition, a decision-guidance for nursing practitioners, based on scientific literature analyses, to identify the most effective incontinence treatments in hospitals and nursing homes is required.

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