Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Fickert, P; Fuchsbichler, A; Wagner, M; Silbert, D; Zatloukal, K; Denk, H; Trauner, M.
The role of the hepatocyte cytokeratin network in bile formation and resistance to bile acid challenge and cholestasis in mice.
Hepatology. 2009; 50(3):893-899 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Denk Helmut
Fickert Peter
Silbert-Wagner Dagmar
Trauner Michael
Wagner Martin
Zatloukal Kurt
Altmetrics:

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:
Abstract:
The intermediate filament cytoskeleton of hepatocytes is composed of keratin (K) 8 and K18 and has important mechanical and nonmechanical functions. However, the potential role of the K8/K18 network for proper membrane targeting of hepatocellular adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporters and bile formation is unknown. We therefore designed a comparative study in K8 and K18 knockout mice and respective wild-type controls to test the hypothesis that intermediate filaments of hepatocytes play a role in normal bile formation. In addition, we challenged mice either with a 1% cholic acid-supplemented diet or a diet containing the porphyrinogenic xenobiotic 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine to determine the effect of K8/K18 loss on bile flow/composition and liver injury under different physiological and toxic stress stimuli. Protein expression levels and membrane localization of various transporters and anion exchangers were compared using western blotting and immunofluorescence microscopy, respectively, and bile flow and composition were determined under various experimental conditions. Our results demonstrate that loss of the intermediate filament network had no significant effect on bile formation and composition, as well as expression levels and membrane targeting of key hepatobiliary transporters under baseline and stress conditions. However, loss of K8 significantly increased liver injury in response to toxic stress. The intermediate filament network of hepatocytes is not specifically required for proper bile formation in mice.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters - metabolism
Animals -
Bile - secretion
Bile Acids and Salts - blood
Cholestasis - genetics Cholestasis - physiopathology
Cholic Acid - pharmacology
Hepatocytes - metabolism
Intermediate Filaments - drug effects Intermediate Filaments - metabolism
Keratin-18 - metabolism
Keratin-8 - metabolism
Keratins - metabolism
Liver - enzymology Liver - metabolism
Mice -
Mice, Knockout -

© Meduni Graz Impressum