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Pilz, S; März, W; Wellnitz, B; Seelhorst, U; Fahrleitner-Pammer, A; Dimai, HP; Boehm, BO; Dobnig, H.
Association of vitamin D deficiency with heart failure and sudden cardiac death in a large cross-sectional study of patients referred for coronary angiography.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008; 93(10): 3927-3935. Doi: 10.1210/jc.2008-0784 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Pilz Stefan
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Dimai Hans Peter
Dobnig Harald
Fahrleitner-Pammer Astrid
März Winfried

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CONTEXT: Vitamin D has been shown to influence cardiac contractility and myocardial calcium homeostasis. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to elucidate whether insufficient vitamin D status is associated with heart failure and sudden cardiac death (SCD). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We measured 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels in 3299 Caucasian patients who were routinely referred to coronary angiography at baseline (1997-2000). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome was cross-sectional associations of 25(OH)D levels with measures of heart failure and Cox proportional hazard ratios for deaths due to heart failure and for SCD according to vitamin D status. RESULTS: 25(OH)D was negatively correlated with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and was inversely associated with higher New York Heart Association classes and impaired left ventricular function. During a median follow-up time of 7.7 yr, 116 patients died due to heart failure and 188 due to SCD. After adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors, the hazard ratios (with 95% confidence intervals) for death due to heart failure and for SCD were 2.84 (1.20-6.74) and 5.05 (2.13-11.97), respectively, when comparing patients with severe vitamin D deficiency [25(OH)D <25 nmol/liter)] with persons in the optimal range [25(OH)D > or =75 nmol/liter]. In all statistical analyses, we obtained similar results with 25(OH)D and with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. CONCLUSIONS: Low levels of 25(OH)D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D are associated with prevalent myocardial dysfunction, deaths due to heart failure, and SCD. Interventional trials are warranted to elucidate whether vitamin D supplementation is useful for treatment and/or prevention of myocardial diseases.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Aged -
Cohort Studies -
Coronary Angiography -
Cross-Sectional Studies -
Death, Sudden, Cardiac - epidemiology
Female -
Follow-Up Studies -
Heart Failure - blood
Humans -
Male -
Middle Aged -
Prevalence -
Referral and Consultation -
Risk Factors -
Vitamin D - analogs and derivatives
Vitamin D Deficiency - blood

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