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Gewählte Publikation:

Krebs, A; Edwards, PC; Villa, C; Li, J; Schertler, GF.
The three-dimensional structure of bovine rhodopsin determined by electron cryomicroscopy.
J Biol Chem. 2003; 278(50):50217-50225 Doi: 10.1074/jbc.M307995200 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Krebs Angelika

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G-protein-coupled receptors are integral membrane proteins that respond to environmental signals and initiate signal transduction pathways, which activate cellular processes. Rhodopsin, a well known member of the G-protein-coupled receptor family, is located in the disk membranes of the rod outer segment, where it is responsible for the visualization of dim light. Rhodopsin is the most extensively studied G-protein-coupled receptor, and knowledge about its structure serves as a template for other related receptors. We have gained detailed structural knowledge from the crystal structure (1), which was solved by x-ray crystallography in 2000 using three-dimensional crystals. Here we report a three-dimensional density map of bovine rhodopsin determined by electron cryomicroscopy of two-dimensional crystals with p22(1)2(1) symmetry. The usage of relatively small and disordered crystals made the process of structure determination challenging. Special attention was paid to the extraction of amplitudes and phases, since usable raw data were limited to a maximum tilt of 45 degrees. In the refinement process, an improved unbending procedure was applied. This led to a final resolution of 5.5 A in the membrane plane and approximately 13 A perpendicular to it, making our electron density map the most accurate map of a G-protein-coupled receptor currently available by electron microscopy. Most important is the information we gain about the center of the membrane plane and the orientation of the molecule relative to the bilayer. This information cannot be retrieved from the three-dimensional crystals. In our electron density map, all seven transmembrane helices were identified, and their arrangement is in agreement with the arrangement known from the crystal structure (1). In the retinal binding pocket, a density peak adjacent to helix 3 suggests the position of the beta-ionine ring of the chromophore, and in its vicinity several of the bigger amino acids can be identified.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Cattle -
Cryoelectron Microscopy - methods
Crystallography, X-Ray -
Electrons -
Models, Molecular -
Protein Conformation -
Rhodopsin - chemistry
Signal Transduction -

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