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Gewählte Publikation:

Horwath, J; Stelzl, U; Bachernegg, M; Langmann, A.
Two patients with xerophthalmia
Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd. 2000; 217(1):63-67 Doi: 10.1055/s-2000-10386 (- Case Report)
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Horwath-Winter Jutta
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Langmann Andrea

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BACKGROUND: Xerophthalmia, the eye manifestation of vitamin A deficiency, is one of the main reasons of blindness in developing countries but is rare in industrial countries. PATIENTS: We report on 2 cases of night blindness and conjunctival and corneal xerosis because of hypovitaminosis A. One patient developed vitamin A deficiency due to short bowel syndrome resulting from gastroschisis. The other patient suffered from primary hypovitaminosis A because of malnutrition due to inadequate dietary intake. Electroretinograms were consistent with vitamin A deficiency. Their symptoms quickly improved after vitamin A substitution. CONCLUSION: Although rare in developed countries, ophthalmologists should consider xerophthalmia as differential diagnosis in night blindness and conjunctival and corneal xerosis. Early diagnosis and adequate treatment can prevent permanent visual loss.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adult -
Anemia, Hypochromic - complications
Child - complications
Diet, Reducing - complications
Female - complications
Humans - complications
Malabsorption Syndromes - complications
Male - complications
Night Blindness - complications
Remission Induction - complications
Visual Acuity - complications
Vitamin A Deficiency - complications
Xerophthalmia - drug therapy

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Vitamin A deficiency
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