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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Tmava-Berisha, A; Fellendorf, FT; Ratzenhofer, M; Maget, A; Platzer, M; Bengesser, SA; Birner, A; Queissner, R; Schönthaler, E; Dalkner, N; Lenger, M; Reininghaus, EZ.
Sleep quality among workers in the health sector exposed to the COVID-19 pandemic.
PLoS One. 2022; 17(12): e0268933 Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0268933 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Lenger Melanie
Tmava-Berisha Adelina
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Bengesser Susanne
Birner Armin
Dalkner Nina
Fellendorf Frederike
Maget Alexander
Platzer Martina
Queissner Robert
Ratzenhofer Michaela
Reininghaus Eva
Schönthaler Elena

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The ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a global health crisis that has posed enormous pressure on workers in the health sector (WHS), having a massive impact on their mental health. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the sleep quality of WHS during the pandemic and compare frontline WHS to those who are not directly engaged in the care of COVID-19 patients. This cross-sectional, self-reported online survey assessed the sleep quality of WHS in Austria using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The same questionnaire was sent out two times. Due to the unequal sample and anonymity of the study participants, we analyzed the data of each time point separate from each other. The first study was conducted in April/May 2020, during the first lockdown in Austria (Study1), and the second study was conducted in July/August 2020, when the social restrictions were loosened (Study2). T-test was used to compare the mean values of PSQI scores between frontline vs. non-frontline WHS, while two two-way ANCOVAs were used to analyze differences in the PSQI mean scores (controlled for age) for male vs. female between frontline vs. non-frontline WHS. During the first lockdown in Austria (Study1) we identified a shorter sleep duration of frontline WHS compared to the non-frontline group, however the difference in global PSQI score between these groups was statistically not significant. In the period after loosened restrictions (Study2) the sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency and global PSQI score was worse in frontline WHS compared to the non-frontline WHS. Furthermore, female WHS scored higher in the PSQI indicating a worse sleep than male WHS. In addition, nurses and nursing assistants had a higher prevalence of poor sleep quality than other occupational groups. Our results indicate that the COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacts the sleep of WHS, affecting particularly frontline WHS. Preventive interventions aiming to promote good sleep quality in WHS during a healthcare crisis like this pandemic are essential to enhance resilience and mitigate the vulnerability of this specific population.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Humans - administration & dosage
Female - administration & dosage
Male - administration & dosage
Pandemics - administration & dosage
COVID-19 - epidemiology
Sleep Quality - administration & dosage
Cross-Sectional Studies - administration & dosage
Communicable Disease Control - administration & dosage

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